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Wednesday, December 28, 2016

PREGNANCY AND HOLIDAY ALCOHOL

Pregnant for the Holidays: To Toast or Not to Toast?

Guest Post By Dr. Michele Brown OBGYN
You are all dressed up and ready to leave for the annual holiday party at your office, at your neighbor's home, or maybe with family. The holidays are so special, festive and romantic, but this year there is a heightened sense of excitement because... you are pregnant.
With the holidays rapidly approaching, the age old question raises itself along with the clink of glasses - can I join in the festivities with family and friends by having an alcoholic drink to celebrate. Maybe just one?
The general rule has always been to avoid alcohol in pregnancy. The prevalence of alcohol use in
pregnancy is estimated to be roughly 12.2% with 1.9% reporting binge drinking. Women have been shown to have a tendency to underestimate their alcohol consumption during pregnancy which often underestimates the fetal exposure also. Factors associated with alcohol use in pregnancy include education level, income level, temptation to drink in social situations, previous drinking history prior to the pregnancy and history of drinking at initiation of prenatal care.
High levels of chronic heavy prenatal alcohol consumption or frequent heavy intermittent use is a known cause of birth defects commonly referred to as Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. Among the characteristics of this condition are:

  • mental retardation
  • fetal growth retardation
  • facial anomalies
  • neurobehavioral deficits including learning disabilities, speech and language problems, hyperactivity and attention deficits.
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  • high risk of preterm birth and small of gestational age babies

Moderate levels of alcohol consumption (1--2 drinks per day) during pregnancy can be associated with milder but clinically significant outcomes such as childhood cognitive, learning, attentional, and behavioral problems.
Prenatal alcohol consumption, even at levels of less than one drink per day, may adversely affect fetal growth and development.
The question always arises - is there a safe level of drinking during pregnancy? (less than 1 drink per week?) It has been clearly found that heavy drinking harms a child's health and development but the role of light drinking has been far more controversial.
This issue is also relevant since in most industrialized countries, women of childbearing age drink alcohol and often this happens in the first trimester prior to pregnancy being recognized.
The mechanism of how alcohol acts as a toxin varies from direct alcohol toxicity, to placental dysfunction, fetal hypoxia, acetaldehyde toxicity, and nutritional deficits. The area of the brain that is commonly affected by alcohol is the hippocampus and development of the cerebral cortex.
What determines toxicity is the concentration of alcohol used, the pattern and quantity consumed and the stage of development of the fetus.

 SEE ALSO: DEALING WITH PREGNANCY OVER 40 (getpregnantover40.com)



How much drinking is considered harmful?
Some studies that have reported an association between very low levels of prenatal alcohol exposure and fetal growth, but the the association has not been consistent.
A recent article from the Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health in 2010 by Kelly studied data from 11,000 British children born from 2000 to 2002 found that cognitive deficits and problem behaviors at age 5 were less common among children exposed to light amounts of alcohol (1 or 2 drinks a week during pregnancy). In other words, light drinking may not be as risky for a child's early development as originally feared.
Robinson in the British Journal of OB/Gyn in 2010 also did studies that showed that light drinking (2-6 drinks per week) of alcohol in pregnancy was not a risk factor for child behavioral problems, although this study did not observe physical developmental outcomes.
The British Journal of OB/Gyn in 2007, Henderson also found no convincing evidence of adverse effects of prenatal alcohol exposure at low-moderate levels on consumption of less than 84 g of alcohol per week (1/2 pint of ordinary beer or lager contains 8 grams of alcohol and an ordinary glass of wine contains 12 g of alcohol). His study demonstrates that low levels of alcohol consumed during pregnancy, less than 60 g/week and not more than two standard drinks per occasion, were not associated with preterm birth or SGA infants.
O'Leary authored an article in the journal, Pediatrics in 2009, in which he also did not find an association between low levels of prenatal alcohol consumption and language delay at any period of time in a child's development, compared to mothers who engaged in heavy or binge drinking. He used language development as a significant milestone for children as he took the position that delay in that area might indicate further delay in a child's overall development.
In contrast, in Pediatrics in 2007, Sayal studied 12,678 pregnant women in England to determine whether very low levels of alcohol consumption during pregnancy (less than 1 drink per week) are independently associated with childhood mental health problems between 4 and 8 years of age. His conclusion was affirmative that during early pregnancy these low levels may have a negative impact and persistent effect on mental health outcomes. The developing brain in the first trimester may be especially vulnerable. However, alcohol use before the pregnancy was not associated with adverse outcomes. The other surprising finding was that girls seem to be more vulnerable to the effects of low levels of alcohol compared to boys although this may be a chance finding.
The American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology and the American Academy of Pediatrics continue to feel that no amount of alcohol is safe during pregnancy.
In summary:
The exact safety threshold for the amount of alcohol is unknown, therefore the best advice is to avoid alcohol entirely. There is no established safe level of prenatal alcohol use, which has led to the recommendation of total abstinence. All clinicians taking care of pregnant women should routinely ask about exposure to alcohol during pregnancy. On the the other hand, the data shows that women who have conceived unexpectedly while drinking small quantities of alcohol, should be reassured that they have not placed their unborn child at increased risk of behavioral problems.
Finally, questions concerning a spouses drinking patterns are also important. It has been found that expectant fathers, or partners, could have a major impact on a pregnant woman's health habits. The expectant father could be an influential modifier of prenatal behaviors. Social support is directly related to the extent of alcohol use in pregnancy. Screenings, assessment and intervention with a partner can effectively reduce antenatal alcohol use and minimize fetal risk.
Dr. Michele Brown, is a practicing OBGYN who has delivered over 3,000 babies. She is also founder of Beaute de Maman Natural and Herbal Products for Pregnant Women. Dr. Brown is a graduate of Tufts Medical School and did her residency at Yale University. She has privileges at Stamford Hospital in Stamford, CT.
Beaute de Maman recognizes the importance of safe products for pregnancy. Beaute de Maman products contain natural and herbal ingredients that are safe for pregnancy as per the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology guidelines.
Please visit http://www.beautedemaman.com
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Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/expert/Dr._Michele_Brown_OBGYN/448251
http://EzineArticles.com/?Pregnant-for-the-Holidays:-To-Toast-or-Not-to-Toast?&id=5478808

Monday, December 26, 2016

HOW MUCH EXERCISE IS SAFE IN PREGNANCY?

The Effects of Too Much Exercise on Pregnancy

Guest Post By Hyashi Machida
When you are pregnant, it is very important for you to exercise. However, it becomes unhealthy when you exercise too much or you choose the incorrect exercise routine, as this may create problems with your pregnancy.
Many studies have been conducted which highlights a link between excessive exercise with miscarriage. When you exercise, whether a little bit or too much, your body loses water through sweating. If you do not provide your body with adequate fluids to balance the loss of water then your body becomes dehydrated. You are at a greater risk of becoming dehydrated when you are exercising in heat and high humidity. When you are dehydrated, you have to ensure that you drink enough water or sports drinks to replace the fluid lost through sweat. Otherwise, you begin to feel faint, you develop muscle cramps and if nothing is done to correct the problem then you will go into a state of shock which can be life threatening for you and your baby.

SEE ALSO: SOME EARLY PREGNANCY SYMPTOMS YOU MAY NOT HAVE HEARD OF (getpregnantover40.com) 

When you engage in vigorous exercises where there is bouncing, jarring, leaping and risks of
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abdominal injuries, you are putting your pregnancy at risk and increasing the chance of miscarriage of the baby. Vigorous exercises may also place a strain on the pelvic muscles, which support the uterus, intestines and bladder. When this happens, the uterus holding the baby is unable to support the baby and the possibility of a miscarriage before the baby reaches full-term is likely to occur.
Another problem associated with excessive exercising which can be harmful to your pregnancy, is the severe elevation of your heart rate. Your baby's heart rate is directly linked to yours via the blood vessels. Therefore, during exercise when your heart rate is elevated, your baby's is too. Your heart rate speeds up during exercise because of the muscles' need for oxygen. As a result, the heart has to pump faster to get the oxygen-rich blood there. However, during pregnancy it is very important to monitor your heart rate to reduce the risk of you and your baby going into shock or having a heart attack. These two problems can be very life threatening for both you and the baby.
In a study done by Danish and Norwegian researchers, it was found out that women, who exercise excessively during pregnancy, increase the risk of preeclampsia. Preeclampsia is also known as toxemia and is a condition from which many pregnant women suffer. Women who have preeclampsia often have swelling in the feet, legs and hands. If left untreated, it can develop into eclampsia where the female often experience seizures. These seizures can result in the woman being comatose or even result in death. Preeclampsia can also have a direct impact on the baby in that it prevents the placenta from receiving enough blood, which stunts the growth of the baby. In some of the more severe cases, the baby does not even make it to full-term; death occurs during the first few months.

Hyashi Machida is a Canadian SEO consultant and works for WPSEO Services. During her career as a SEO consultant, she has worked with many small and medium sized companies to plan and execute different search engine optimization and internet marketing campaigns.
Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Hyashi_Machida
http://EzineArticles.com/?The-Effects-of-Too-Much-Exercise-on-Pregnancy&id=4297323

Friday, December 23, 2016

DANGEROUS HOLIDAY FOODS IN PREGNANCY

Pregnancy Over 40, Diet and Holidays

If you're like most people, you are put into the position of eating some new and perhaps strange foods at holiday parties and get togethers.
SEE ALSO: FOODS FOR PREGNANCY AND FERTILITY (getpregnantover40.com 
Some holidays are behind us, but there's plenty of leftovers and new year's parties are still coming up. Here is an article that discussed what you should avoid if you're pregnant:

Winter holidays

* Unpasteurized soft cheeses: Fruit and cheese platters are a party staple, and a relatively healthy
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way to fill up, but stay away from soft cheeses made with unpasteurized milk. Unpasteurized or "raw milk" cheeses may contain listeria, which is killed during the pasteurization process.
* The FDA recommends checking the label of any soft cheese before eating, to make sure it says "made with pasteurized milk." If you can't check the label — for example, if you're at a party — avoid blue cheese and soft cheeses (including Brie, Camembert, goat cheese, feta, and Roquefort) and Mexican-style cheeses like queso fresco, queso blanco, and Panela. If you're not sure which cheeses are safe, stick with hard cheeses like cheddar and Swiss, and semi-soft cheeses like Monterey jack and mozzarella. Cream cheese and pasteurized processed cheeses like American are also safe.
* Sushi: Avoid sushi trays with raw fish, because it may contain parasites and bacteria. If you’re a sushi fan, opt instead for a California roll, made with avocado and cooked crab. Although raw fish poses little direct risk to your baby, if you get ill from sushi you'll likely suffer from vomiting and dehydration, which can affect your unborn baby.
* Carving stations: If your party features a carving station with roast beef or turkey, make sure the meat is cooked well-done and is still steaming hot. Unless you're sure they're well cooked, avoid sauces like bearnaise, hollandaise, and aioli, which can contain uncooked eggs.
* Eggnog: Homemade eggnog is generally off-limits, because it's usually made with raw, unpasteurized eggs — and alcohol. But you can make a virgin, pregnancy-safe version at home with a pasteurized egg product or an egg alternative like Egg Beaters. Or try store-bought eggnog — just check the label to make sure the eggs are pasteurized.
* You might also consider "soy nog," which doesn't contain eggs or any other dairy products. You can find it during the winter holidays in most large grocery stores and in natural food stores.
* You'll also want to avoid desserts that may contain raw or undercooked eggs, like some custards and mousse, and homemade ice cream.

from: 
www.babycenter.com

Monday, December 19, 2016

AROMATHERAPY FOR HELP IN PREGNANCY

Aromatherapy And Pregnancy Over 40

I've always thought that we underestimate the power of our sense of smell. That's why aromatherapy is gaining in popularity.

My site: www.getpregnantover40.com for more on alternative therapies in pregnancy over 40

It is believed that the inhalation of essential oils stimulates the part of the brain connected to smell - the olfactory system; a signal is sent to the limbic system of the brain that controls emotions and retrieves learned memories. This causes chemicals to be released which make the person feel relaxed, calm, or even stimulated. If the aromatherapy includes massage the effect is to further relax the person.

 Here is how it can help in pregnancy:
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From the article:

Morning Sickness

Select one of the following essential oils to alleviate nausea and queasiness. Inhale either directly from the bottle or pour up to 4 drops of one of the essential oils on a tissue and breathe in. Repeat as needed. Peppermint -Spearmint -Lemon.

Indigestion

To ease heartburn and gassy discomfort in your chest or abdomen, pour 5 drops of lemon essential oil on a tissue and inhale after your meal.

Stretch marks

While it's true stretch marks cannot be prevented, this recipe can help ease the itching and discomfort associated with them. Pour the oil essences into a 60-ml bottle, and add organic vegetable oil to fill. Massage the area each morning and evening. -3 drops Lavender -2 drops Geranium -2 drops Rosewood. 

from: 
www.childbirthsolutions.com

Thursday, December 15, 2016

SLEEP RELATED TO KIDS WEIGHT GAIN

My daughter is a good sleeper, the only problem is that she never seems to fall asleep until later in the evening. Although many mornings she sleeps late, now that she's in school, she can't make up that sleep on those mornings. I've heard that sleep deprivation can lead to a number of problems and it's scary that we live in such a sleep deprived society. Here is an article about how it may lead to weight gain in children:

 

SEE ALSO: PREGNANCY OVER 40 AND NEGATIVE INFORMATION (getpregnantover40.com) 



From the article:

"Researchers at Northwestern University found that children who get more sleep tend to have a lower
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body mass index (BMI, a ratio of weight to height) and are less likely to be overweight five years later, than kids who get less sleep.

Sleeping an extra hour a night reduced the chance of being overweight from 36 percent to 30 percent in young children, and from 34 percent to 30 percent in older children.

The study is published in the January/February issue of the journal Child Development."



Sleep Keeps Kids Slim
By Betsy Lievense, Ivanhoe Health Correspondent (www.ivanhoe.com)

Tuesday, December 13, 2016

NAIL POLISH, TOXINS IN PREGNANCY

If You're Trying To Get Pregnant, Watch Out For Toxins In Daily Products

With the holidays upon us, I'm sure many women are flocking to the beauty parlors and nail salons.
See: www.getpregnantover40.com for more information on toxins in the environment and pregnancy/fertility
 I had read (from numerous sources) that nail polish may contain some harmful ingredients. I rarely paint my nails (ok, my toenails every now and then) but when I was pregnant I never used any nail products.  Women who work in salons could be at particular risk.  The component that is harmful is called dibutyl phthalate or DBP - read more from the following article:
"A report by the Environmental Working Group (EWG) said the chemical in question is called dibutyl phthalate or DBP. Phthalates are a class of industrial plasticizers that were invented in the 1930s. They are often used in cosmetics because they make nail polish flexible, help bleed the chemicals of fragrances, and help lotion better penetrate the skin. They aren't always required to be labeled on the products.
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Lab animals given dibutyl phthalate had higher numbers of offspring with birth defects, especially of the male reproductive system.
See Also: fertility detoxification (www.getpregnantover40.com)
In September, The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released the results of a study that tested 289 adults aged 20-60 for seven metabolites associated with exposure to various phthalates and found it was present in all of those tested, with women of childbearing age having the highest levels.

Jane Houlihan, Senior Analyst at the EWG, said women between the ages of 15-45 are probably exposed to dibutyl phthalate through cosmetics and particularly nail polish.

"We think that women of childbearing are should avoid all exposures to dibutyl phthalate when they're considering becoming pregnant, when they're pregnant or when they're nursing," Houlihan said." 

from:  CNN.com

Wednesday, December 07, 2016

EARLY PREGNANCY SYMPTOMS YOU MAY NOT KNOW ABOUT

 There are many well publicized symptoms of early pregnancy.  But there are many women who don't even know they are pregnant until well into their pregnancy.  TLC even has a show called, "I didn't know I was pregnant".  Many women featured in the show are older and they automatically assume that they are too old to get pregnant so it never even enters their mind.  They know they don't feel quite right, and they may experience weight gain, but pregnancy isn't on their radar.  I have devoted a
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page on my website to strange odd and unusual signs of pregnancy.

CLICK HERE FOR THE FULL ARTICLE ON PREGNANCY SYMPTOMS AND SIGNS YOU MAY NOT KNOW ABOUT (getpregnantover40.com)

Monday, December 05, 2016

DRINK PLENTY OF WATER IN PREGNANCY

Pregnancy Over 40:  The Benefits of Drinking Water

Drinking enough water in pregnancy is so important. I made it a point to start drinkng water in the morning so I could get all of my water in during the day.
 Here is an article that explains the importance of getting enough water in pregnancy. However, they do recommend stay away from tap water. Read more:

 

SEE ALSO: FOODS FOR FERTILITY, PREGNANCY (getpregnantover40.com) 



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How is water good for your body and your baby?

* By flushing out your system, it helps get rid of unnecessary sodium and prevents Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs).
* It hydrates your body; pregnancy hormones are making you retain water and drinking more water helps fight that.
* Water facilitates the flow of nutrients through the blood to the baby.
* Did you know that the amniotic sack replenishes itself every hour, using approximately a cup of water stored in the mother’s body? This protects the baby, so help keep the sack wet!
* Your blood volume doubles and thickens during the eighth month of pregnancy; drink water to prevent hypertension and cardiovascular diseases.
* You’ll have healthier skin and less acne.
* Drinking eight glasses of water a day helps prevent constipation and hemorrhoids. Trust us, you want to prevent this.
* Drinking water may alleviate morning sickness (NVP).
* Drinking water during your third trimester helps prevent premature birth

from: 
www.pregnancy-info.net

Friday, December 02, 2016

PRE-BIRTH AWARENESS, CONCIOUSNESS

Studies on Awareness Prior to Being Born - The Pre-Birth Experience

Guest Post By Gopalakrishnan Tiruvan Chandrasekaran

Studies have been conducted on pre-birth experience (PBE), the one in which the person has clear memories of awareness before birth. In most cases of the PBEs, details of those memories can be verified through those who were there around the time of birth, usually the mother as the main person. This article brings out some of the salient features of PBEs based on information from three studies.
It is rather obvious that awareness (the primary aspect of consciousness) exists after life ends. This has been demonstrated time and again by near death experiences (NDE) when the consciousness leaves the body and is able to perceive worldly occurrences without the help of the five senses. The question of whether consciousness functions the same way before the birth of a person can be a very absorbing one for those who see meaning in the reincarnation paradigm. The writer has come across three probing studies in this connection. Here a brief attempt is made to share the related findings. For further details, the reader is referred to the three books associated with the studies, all available on Amazon.com.

 

SEE ALSO: FENG SHUI FOR FERTILITY, PREGNANCY (getpregnantover40.com) 

 

Study 1: Psychologist Dr. Helen Wambach wrote a book entitled 'Life Before Life' in 1979. It explores the fascinating answers to probing questions asked of 750 subjects under hypnosis about life before birth. Wambach says that 90 % of her subjects flash on images from their past lives. She adds that, "I am convinced that the time has come to study rigorously the plausibility of reincarnation." Three of her questions to her subjects under hypnosis and the answers are the following:
Question 1: Did you choose to be born?
81 % of her subjects said that they did choose to be born and that it was their choice to make. However, only 28 % felt enthusiastic about being alive again; they felt that they had planned carefully and were ready to begin.
Question 2: Why did you choose the 20th Century?
About 59 % gave relevant answers to this question. Their response contained many different reasons for the choice. Some felt that their choosing the specific time period was to have contact with particular people who chose the same period. One answer was, "I came in this time period to correct past errors and to work out my guilt about certain relationships."
Question 3: Why are we here on earth?
Not all of the subjects were clear about this item but quite a few came up with interesting answers. Some of these people said that there is so much to learn on this planet, especially in terms of relationship, love and humility, and that there are many experiences, good and bad, to go through. Others mentioned about learning that can help in going beyond fear and loneliness. Some indicated the need to be with people to make up for the hurt they had caused in former lives.
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The above samples represent a very small part of Wambach's research. Her book contains a great deal more of fascinating information on pre-birth memories.
Study 2: This work is also related to consciousness prior to birth but is not through regression, hypnosis or drugs. Elizabeth and Neil Carman compiled a book on PBEs through interviewees recalling their pre-birth existence while they were completely sober and awake. The title of the book is 'Cosmic Cradle, Spiritual Dimensions of Life before Birth'. A report on the book says that it transports us beyond the conventional materialistic idea that heredity and social environment explain human life. In contrast, our life's drama is planned long before birth.
Where was your soul before you were born? If your soul is immortal, did it have a "life" prior to birth? Did you choose your life and parents? Is reincarnation real? Elizabeth and Neil Carman address these questions through interviews with adults and children. They also state that Buddha pointed out four modes of human birth:
1. To enter the mother's womb fully conscious, stay in the womb with full awareness, and experience birth consciously. Enlightened masters report these memories.
2. To enter the mother's womb fully conscious, stay in the womb with full awareness, but lose awareness during birth.
3. To enter the mother's womb fully conscious, but lose awareness in the womb and throughout birth.
4. To enter the mother's womb unconsciously and remain unconscious throughout womb-time and birth. This heavily veiled memory is more typical of most human births.
The above rendering by Buddha clearly points to the fact that pre-birth awareness is a fact.
Study 3: This study by PMH Atwater, primarily on near death experiences, touches on PBEs also. The title of her book is 'The Complete Idiot's Guide to Near Death Experiences'. She says that one-third of the 277 child experiencers in her research base had clear, coherent memories of happenings before they were born. A particularly interesting study is the one given below.
Two weeks before the birth of Carroll Gray of Atlanta, Georgia, the doctor informed her mother that there was no heart beat and the baby was dead. Her father, eagerly expecting a son, was severely disappointed at this. He accused Carroll's mother of having killed his son; threw her from her bed resulting in her uterus being ruptured. The mother was rushed to the hospital and a dead baby was delivered. But, like a miracle, the child began to breath! What was even more astonishing was the fact that, after two and half years, Carroll spoke out the very words her father said at the time of throwing his wife off the bed. Obviously, everyone was dumbfounded as the family had never discussed that unfortunate incident among themselves. Further, Carroll also recalled the difficulties she came through as a newborn baby because of the unusual conditions of her birth.
Atwater says that stories with the accuracy of Carroll's are so numerous, they challenge the notion that unborn babies are oblivious to anything outside their mother's womb.
In Conclusion: For people who are interested in understanding the long journey of life across many incarnate and discarnate periods, the above studies can be invaluable as their areas of spiritual exploration. Those studies expand our perspectives on life and the afterlife. Our day-to-day life guided by such far-reaching insights can have a depth and meaning that the conventional belief systems can never bring about. Related matters are covered in the website http://spirituality.yolasite.com
_________________
Gopalakrishnan TC was born in Madras (now Chennai), India, in 1941. He received his doctoral degree in Coastal Engineering from the North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA in 1978; served on the research and teaching faculty of the Indian and US universities; is a member of the International Association for Near Death Studies, Durham, NC, USA. Blog: http://nde-thedeeperself.blogspot.com
Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/expert/Gopalakrishnan_Tiruvan_Chandrasekaran/1350144
http://EzineArticles.com/?Studies-on-Awareness-Prior-to-Being-Born---The-Pre-Birth-Experience&id=7749047

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