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Wednesday, December 30, 2015

PREGNANCY TINNITUS

If you've never heard of pregnancy tinnitus, it's a fancy way of saying that your ears are ringing while pregnant.  It is an annoying problem and the reason it can be more common in pregnancy is because blood volume and pressure may be elevated.  Of course your blood pressure will be checked during your prenatal visits, but if your ears are ringing, it may be something to check out. 
Tinnitus can be caused by hormonal changes and stress.  No matter how happy you are to be pregnant, it can be a stressful time both physically and emotionally. 
Some people find relief with white noise to mask the sound in their ears.  I have always slept with a box fan in the corner of the room (whether pregnant or not!)  I find the white noise not only masks ear ringing, but it also masks noise from outside.

CLICK HERE TO READ THE FULL ARTICLE ON PREGNANCY TINNITUSE (getpregnantover40.com)

Sunday, December 27, 2015

PRENATAL MOVEMENT AND DEVELOPMENT

I Can Feel My Baby Move! Prenatal Developmental Movement and Parental Response

Guest Post By Stephanie Mines, Ph.D.

"The embryo is the human being expressing itself."

Jaap Van Der Wal, MD
"I think I can feel my baby move," Whitney said, her dewy blue eyes wide with anticipation. Her voice rose at the end, turning her sentence into a query. She was a few weeks shy of the second trimester of her second successful pregnancy. Exuberantly curious, she sought validation for her awareness. Whitney was more confident with this baby than her first, but on the issue of whether or not she in fact could detect her baby's movement, she was uncertain.
The delivery of Whitney's first child was by caesarean section. At the time, and now in retrospect, she questioned the procedure. It had evoked a prolonged and recurring experience of loss. She nstead of reacting to it.
Moments later Whitney determined that only she could address her uncertainty about her baby's movement. When she inquired inside, the answer was definitely, yes, she could feel her baby move. In her first pregnancy, she would have accepted her doctor's response. Having traversed the painful territory of post-partum depression that she now correlated specifically with the unnecessary caesarean, Whitney had become much more confident in her feminine wisdom. She could honor her hormonally endowed attunement to herself and her child. She was alert to her own tendency to collude in an institutionalized disempowerment of mothers.
As she reflected further on Dr. Carlson's response, Whitney wondered what kind of relationship she could have with a doctor who did not trust a mother's experience. Whitney dialogued with her unborn child. Silently, but with passion, she said to her baby, "I recognize your movement and I love it! I'm sorry I was not more confident earlier." Her baby moved, subtly but clearly, spreading out, stretching with relief in utero.
EARLY MOVEMENT
"The growing gestures of the embryo and the fetus are the gestures of the soul."

Dr. Erich Blechschmidt
"Movements of the embryo and fetus are a fundamental expression of early neural activity," says embryologist Jan Nijhuis in his groundbreaking book Fetal Behavior. "The fetus of 8-10 weeks post-menstrual age moves spontaneously in utero under normal circumstances."
Prenatal movement in the first trimester, and then the patterns of movement that form in the second trimester, are the expression of the developing baby's nervous system. This primary neurological unfolding is nourished and enhanced by parental awareness, dialogue and subtle touch on the mother's body that communicates to the baby. The entire family can participate in this encouragement. The knowledge of how to do this is inherent in each of us. It is part of the magnificent design of the human being. Excellent education is now available to stimulate and sustain this natural wisdom. Awakening to, trusting and acting upon our innate human connection is the joy of parenthood.
Prenatal movement is preparation for neonatal activity. It is also warm-up for the marathon of labor and delivery. It is designed to result in the baby's thrilling victory of entry into the arms of a world already sensed and perceived.
Movement patterns in prenates are replicated in neonates, demonstrating the continuity of neural behavior. The human fetus sleeps, breathes moves, eliminates, and feels, sees, cries, initiates and responds. He or she is acutely sensitive, as a result of constantly expanding neurological capacities, to the surrounding environment and its vicissitudes.
The prenate communicates its experiences the only way it can: through motility. Eye movement, heart-rate, respiration, gestures, and elimination patterns speak volumes about the individual prenatal world. The patterns that these expressions make, when attended to, add texture to our understanding of the quality of prenatal life. They also give us our first insights into who the unique being is within its mother's body.

SEE ALSO: STRANGE EARLY PREGNANCY SYMPTOMS (getpregnantover40.com) 

Regularity of movement can be a sign of health whereas deceleration or lack of movement can signal distress or concern. Certain fetal movements may convey discomfort. By noticing movements or their absence, the family can come to know its new arrival and begin, well before birth, to integrate the baby into the family. Prenatal consciousness is neurologically organized to be present, alert and receptive. The unborn baby delights in recognition.
Whitney had an unforgettable experience of this when she became ill during her second trimester. A terrible virus hit Whitney's family hard. They were housebound and unable to function. The baby's movement was significantly reduced until Whitney came out of her fevered trance.
"I know you are concerned," Whitney said, as she lay in bed. "You are so caring and we are so connected to you. I am sorry I was too weak to include you, but now I want to reassure you. We will all get better soon. Don't fret. I've been worried myself and that's why I forgot to talk to you."
By the next day Whitney felt movement in her womb again. The comforting rhythmic presence of this life she had welcomed in reminded her of how much she had missed contact with the newest addition to her family. As she recovered, Whitney felt she now knew more about the baby she was carrying. This child was engaged with all of them. She talked to her family about her discoveries. They acknowledged the compassion of their new arrival who became still so as not to further burden them. They were truly a family of four now.
WHO IS THE BABY IN UTERO?
"The human embryo is a coherent whole, a unity of form, shape and function, interacting with its environment."

Jaap Van Der Wal, MD
The question of whom and what the baby in utero actually is and what he or she is capable of doing can best be answered by a respectful collaboration between scientists, parents and people who remember their own prenatal lives. Optimally, these three categories can be combined. Scientists, like me, who are passionate about the role and function of very early life in holistic healthcare, are building the case to demonstrate that prenatal life is, in fact, the basis of all health.
Immune function, structural development, spiritual wellbeing, relational health, confidence, and the capacity to respond to change and threat in a balanced way are all formed by what transpires in utero. Embryology bears this out. Of all the populations that will make the best use of this information, parents, I believe, are the most significant.
When we recognize the power and function of the precious formative primal period and educate broadly and appropriately about it, including educating youth who are the parents of the future, we will be making a decisive contribution to the continuity of civilization.
The personality of the unborn baby is present and engaged with its family from virtually the moment of conception, and some believe even before. The baby is not only interacting, he or she is a full time student, constantly learning and creating the blueprint for a lifetime of physical health, relationships and motivation. Honoring this can decisively shift disturbing trends in violence and disease.
COMMUNICATION IS THE ESSENCE OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIP
"Embryology is an ongoing process. It is a lifetime of communication through the body, through movement, and through partnership."

Stephanie Mines, Ph.D.
All relationships flourish with authentic and frequent communication. This is as true for prenates as it is for husband and wife, and for parents and children of all ages.
I am reminded of a story reported to me by a young friend who attended a conference where insights into prenatal health were discussed. He was inspired by what he heard. Soon after, he discovered that friends of his had been told that their baby was breach and that a caesarean was scheduled. This young man immediately went to their home, sat in front of the mother's pregnant belly, and begged and pleaded with the baby to turn. He spoke with full commitment, faith and insistence. The baby turned and was delivered vaginally.
What does embryology say about the prenate's ability to hear and respond to auditory communication?
Neonates as well as prenates, until relatively recently, were regarded as being deaf as well as mute. Beginning in 1977, however, research demonstrated that the fetus responds to sound from at least 12 weeks in utero and perhaps sooner. Certain sounds, like the mother's heartbeat, elicit strong responses. The mother's voice is decidedly heard, as well as the voices of others in the environment. This is supported by the discovery that neonates prefer the sound of their mother's voice to other sounds.
Auditory sensory mechanisms begin developing during the fourth and fifth week in utero and continue to completion by about the 25th week. At the early stages, however, the baby can hear. A study involving invasive sound at less than 24 weeks of gestation revealed that after hearing a loud and shrill noise that evoked initial dramatic fetal movement, the fetus stopped responding completely. The overwhelming invasion resulted in fatigue and collapse. The fetus learned it was powerless to stop the invasion. The method of the study disturbs me but I hope we will learn from this and stop such painful experiments. However, we can take this knowledge and use it to protect our own prenates from auditory assault!
FETAL LEARNING
"The fetal environment is not one of sensory deprivation as was previously believed, but rather one of richness. There is little doubt that the fetus does learn whilst in the womb."

Dr. Frank Hepper
Visual information, like sound, is mediated by the mother's body. Through her, the fetus watches events unfold, and has the ability to associate these events. In addition, the retention of prenatal learning (such as identification of the mother's voice and the neonate's ability to choose the mother's voice from the voices of others), indicates that there is memory in utero. This memory influences later social interactions that rely on attunement to others. What the prenate learns promotes or discourages later bonding and attachment.
How do babies reveal their memories post-natally? Long term studies conducted by Italian psychologist Alessandra Piontelli and published in her book From Fetus to Child show that babies who are frightened and insecure in utero and who demonstrate this through their behavioral states, do the same thing at five years of age and older. Memories are displayed in relationships, play, illnesses, sleep patterns and dreams. Children rely on their parents to pay attention to these expressions and help them to understand what they mean.
Whitney's experience of her first son's memories of his caesarean birth supports this theory. In the midst of storytelling, Timmy said "Will our new baby have to wait to come out instead of pushing, the way I did, Mommy?" At first Whitney stared at her son in amazement, and then she acknowledged his wisdom, just as she had learned to acknowledge her own.
"Was waiting hard for you?" she asked her son. "It was very hard," Timmy replied. "I don't want my baby to have to wait." "OK," Whitney said, "I'll do my best so there will be no waiting this time."
My own second daughter's accusation, when she was twelve years old, that I "really wanted a boy" (a truth I had almost forgotten) is my personal substantiation of the prenatal capacity to experience, to know, and to remember.
BIRTH: THE FULFILLMENT OF PRENATAL LEARNING AND EMBRYOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT
"It is the fetal nervous system that integrates all kinds of sensory and physiological information to judge when it is time to be born."

Lise Eliot, Ph.D.
Whitney learned how her child's embryological behavioral states continued into the birthing process when she went into labor. The process slowed just when it should have intensified, causing even her midwife to consider going to the hospital. It was deja vu for Whitney and her family. Everyone was recalling Dr. Carlson's cautionary words when the family declared their intention to deliver at home. "Vaginal deliveries after caesareans are not recommended," she had said, sternly.
"It's OK," Whitney told her family and midwife, turning the tables on her team. Weren't they supposed to be reassuring her?
"My baby is just concerned," she declared, smiling. "We need to have a conversation." Her body provided Whitney with the truth she trusted. Her baby could and would decide the time of birth.
Whitney closed her eyes and commenced an internal dialogue in which she encouraged her child to continue to journey forward and inquired about what the difficulty might be. Her communion was a show stopper for everyone.
"What's he saying?" Timmy blurted out, unable to control himself. He had always known he had a brother in there!
"He says that he doesn't know if we will have time for him because we are all so busy. He's not sure we really want him," Whitney said softly, looking directly at her husband.
"Is that just you talking?" Blake asked, dumfounded.
"He's been listening, watching and learning," Whitney answered, her face radiant in the greatest certainty she had ever known.
"OK," Blake said, tears streaming down his face. "I'll spend more time at home. I really want to." By this time he was sobbing.
The baby's response was the biggest contraction Whitney had ever felt. Within thirty minutes their baby was born. They named him Micah, the merciful messenger.
______________
Stephanie Mines, Ph.D. is a psychologist with great interest and experience in prenatal development. She is the developer of the TARA approach, a system of medicine blending east and west traditions to resolve shock and trauma for patients in all walks of life. She has dedicated significant resources to the reduction of trauma in the birthing process for both the mother and child. See more at her site: http://www.tara-approach.org
Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Stephanie_Mines,_Ph.D.
http://EzineArticles.com/?I-Can-Feel-My-Baby-Move!-Prenatal-Developmental-Movement-and-Parental-Response&id=181718

Friday, December 25, 2015

MERRY CHRISTMAS!

For those of you who celebrate this time of year, Merry Christmas!  Click on the link below for a wonderful animation!

BEAUTIFUL GREETING CARD FROM JACQUIE LAWSON



From:FROM: Sandy Robertson, getpregnantover40.com 

Wednesday, December 23, 2015

EARLY PREGNANCY SYMPTOMS: WEIRD AND UNUSUAL

Do you think you might be pregnant?  There are a number of crazy changes your body may go through even at the point of conception.  I previously ran a women's support group and one women (who also had her baby at the age of 44 like I did) swears that she actually felt herself conceive!  When I finally got pregnant with my daughter, I had some very early symptoms that came probably about a week after I conceived.  I kept feeling a butterfly sensation in my stomach.  I am very aware of changes going on in my body, and I'm sure many women who get pregnant by surprise, don't associate these changes with the possibility of pregnancy.
Here is an article on my site about strange early and unusual pregnancy symptoms: 

Click here to read the full article on strange early pregnancy symptoms (getpregnantover40.com)

Monday, December 21, 2015

CANNED FOODS MAY HURT BABIES AND CHILDREN

Pregnancy Over 40, Motherhood Over 40 Too Much Sodium In Kids Food

Yikes! I think we all like some of the pre-packaged and canned foods out there, however, the manufacturing process adds a dangerous amount of sodium to our foods.
This can hurt babies and children as this article explains:

SEE ALSO: FOOD TO EAT FOR FERTILITY AND PREGNANCY (getpregnantover40.com)


From the article:

High levels of salt can damage developing kidneys, give children a taste for salty foods and establish poor eating practices that continue into adulthood and can result in health problems later in life.

Researchers at the University of Bristol, who studied almost 1,200 eight-month-olds, found half consumed more than twice the maximum recommended amount of 400mg of sodium (or 1g of salt.)

Just one in four consumed the recommended amount.

Babies who consumed the most salt were more likely to drink cows' milk (which has triple the amount of salt than breast milk) and ate three times as much bread than infants with low salt-intake.

from: dailymail.co.uk

Friday, December 18, 2015

DECTECTING PROBLEMS WITH PREMATURE BABIES


I found this interesting article from the BBC news about how doctors may be able to predict which premature babies may go on to have problems.
 I was surprised to read that half of babies born very early go on to develop a disability. Read more:

The premature babies were scanned up to the point when they would have been eight weeks old, if the pregnancies had gone to term.

Sixty-three of these children were then assessed to see how they were developing mentally when they were about two years old.

SEE ALSO: BIRTH DEFECTS NOT MUCH HIGHER OVER AGE 40 (getpregnantover40.com)

The slower the rate of growth of brain surface area and the smoother it was compared to brain volume, the more likely it was for a child's development to be delayed.

Boys born very premature were the most likely to be affected.

The researchers identified that a temporary "marshal" for brain development - called the cortical subplate - underneath the cortex directs neurons to go where they are needed.

The subplate, a network of cells, develops at 24 weeks, and is at its biggest at around 28 to 30 weeks.

When very premature babies are born, the subplate is abnormal and tissue is damaged.

In babies born at full term, the plate has disappeared - because it has done its job - and the surface of the brain has taken on its usual "rippled" appearance. 


from: bbc news

Wednesday, December 16, 2015

FISH OIL, HEALTHY IN PREGNANCY

Why You Should Use Fish Oil in Pregnancy

Guest Post By Laurel Cohen

You might disagree, but hear me out. There is a very important reason that women are now being urged to take fish oil in pregnancy. It has been discovered that deficiency in essential fatty acids can cause a myriad of problems for not only you, but form your unborn child. Omega fatty acids play a critical role in the physical, visual, and mental development of your child, so the warning to supplement you diet with fish oil should be heeded.

SEE ALSO: CAN FISH OIL HELP PREVENT MISCARRIAGE? (getpregnantover40.com) 

Being deficient in essential fatty acids can be the cause behind decreased growth in infants and children, and they can suffer an increased susceptibility to infection, and impaired wound healing. They can also develop visual problems, and sensory neuropathy. Studies have revealed that lowered levels of omega-3 fatty acids cause a significant impairment in learning ability, and memory.
There have been numerous studies conducted on the benefits of the increased intake of fish oil in pregnancy, and all of these studies noted that higher levels of omega-3 fatty acids produced positive visual and cognitive development in infants. These studies have proven that improvement in your child's development is recognizable even in the all important third trimester of pregnancy.
Children whose mothers has supplemented their diets with omega-3 fatty acids have been shown proven to scored markedly higher than there peers that did not receive the benefit of maternal fish oil supplementation in several areas. They regularly perform better when it comes to mental processing, display better hand and eye coordination, and possess better problem solving skills.
While much research has been done on infant requirements for DHA for development, there has been precious little research into the requirements of mothers when it comes to fish oil in pregnancy. This is odd, because the mother is the sole source of omega fatty acids for the fetus, and the exclusively breast fed infant. There have been a few studies done however.
These studies have suggested that maternal omega-3 fatty acid supplementation does not decrease the incidence of gestational diabetes, pregnancy induced hypertension, or preeclampsia. It has also been shown that supplementing your diet with fish oil leads to moderate increases in gestational time, and considerably reduces the risk of premature delivery.
It is often recommended that the way you should supplement fish oil in pregnancy is too increase the amount of oily fish that you eat. Depending on which region of the world your source fish was taken from this could lead to a very serious problem for you and your baby. The meat of oily fish found in certain areas contains dioxins, mercury, PCBs, and lead, which could affect the health of you both.
This is why a better recommendation would be to obtain your fish oil in pregnancy through the use of a high quality nutritional supplement. The level of contaminants is carefully controlled by the manufacturers, who must meet rigorous standards of purity. This is the only way that you can guarantee your child all of the benefits of fish oil, with none of the dangers involved with eating fish.
Laurel Cohen is a strong advocate of natural health in all its forms: skin care, supplementation, and farm fresh foods. She enjoys introducing people to the best natural products she can find and uses herself daily.
Visit her site http://www.omega-3-for-health.com to learn about the omega 3 fish oils Laurel uses daily for optimal health.
Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Laurel_Cohen

http://EzineArticles.com/?Why-You-Should-Use-Fish-Oil-in-Pregnancy&id=3052468



Monday, December 14, 2015

VBAC: DANGER OF UTERINE RUPTURE

Vaginal Birth After C-Section, Is Rupture A Problem?

Ever heard of a VBAC? No, that doesn't have anything to do with heating, ventilating and air conditioning your home (that's HVAC!) 
 All kidding aside, VBAC stands for vaginal birth after C-Section. Some women successfully deliver subsequent pregnancies vaginally after previously having a C-Section, however, not all women are so lucky. VBAC's could possibly lead to uterine rupture which can be life threatening mother and baby.
I am not saying that VBAC isn't possible, it's just important to know the risks:  Read more:

SEE ALSO: PREGNANCY OVER 40 (getpregnantover40.com)


“Something just did not feel right to me, so I went back to the hospital,” she recalls. “It was there that the fetal monitor and sonogram showed that my baby had no heartbeat.”
Georgia was later informed that the original pain that she thought was labor was actually her uterus separating. The burning feeling was most likely the uterus rupturing.
After her baby had been pronounced dead at 7 a.m., her doctors told her that since “the baby’s health was no longer an issue,” they would induce labor for a vaginal delivery. Had she not progressed by 7 a.m. the following morning, they would go for a c-section. Georgia demanded a c-section at nearly 1 a.m. that morning, but nurses hesitated to wake the surgeon. Her then-husband pushed even more and the nurses “reluctantly” agreed to call the surgeon.
A different OBGYN who performed Georgia’s followup care informed her that when the surgeon opened up her abdomen, the damage to her body was quite severe. Her uterus had fully ruptured and the baby was in her abdominal cavity. Although her uterus had healed from her first c-section, the incision had fused against her bladder, which also ruptured. Georgia had to have an additional “clean up” surgery which revealed damage to her cervix as well. Several experts who reviewed her medical records told the mother that by all accounts, she should not have survived the ordeal.

 

Friday, December 11, 2015

CELEBRITIES HAVING A PREGNANCY OR A BABY OVER 40

I know our society is obsessed with most celebrities.  We watch their every move and most of the time invade their privacy.  But, celebrities sort of set a "benchmark" for the rest of us.  The movement to have babies later in life has certainly been fueled by Hollywood.  It seems like every time I turn around, another celebrity over age 40 is announcing a pregnancy or a new baby through other means.
This certainly has made it more commonplace for all women who want to have children at older ages.
Here is a list of celebrities who have had pregnancies over the age of 40:

CLICK HERE TO READ ABOUT CELEBRITIES PREGNANT OVER 40 (getpregnantover40.com)

Wednesday, December 09, 2015

ANTIBIOTICS CAUSE PREGNANCY DANGERS

Watch Out for Antibiotics in pregnancy

Of course you know to check with your doctor about taking anything in pregnancy.
With the widespread use of antibiotics in general, no doubt pregnant women may be prescribed when needed. Before you take anything, do your own research as some classes of antibiotics can cause problems for your baby. Read more:

SEE ALSO: PREGNANCY AND FERTILITY DETOXIFICATION (getpregnantover40.com)

From the article:

Certain other antibiotics should be avoided during pregnancy. For example, tetracyclines — such as doxycycline, tetracycline and minocycline — can damage a pregnant woman's liver, discolor a developing baby's teeth and cause various birth defects.

In addition, it's important to note that a recent study found an association between two classes of antibiotics commonly used to treat urinary tract infections — nitrofuran derivatives and sulfonamides — and rare birth defects. Although there's no direct proof that these antibiotics cause birth defects, additional research is needed. In the meantime, health care providers are likely to be more cautious in the use of these medications during pregnancy. 

from: www.mayoclinic.com

Monday, December 07, 2015

DEMANDS OF PREGNANCY UNEXPECTED

Pregnancy Over 40, Are You Prepared?

Many women over 40 spend a number of years trying to get pregnant.
 When they finally do, they focus on the health of their baby and ensuring that their pregnancy progresses without complications.  But what the actual process of being pregnant and the physical changes going on?

Even though I tried to get pregnant for 6 years, when I actually was pregnant, I was extremely nauseated and exhausted like never before.  Here is an article about how many women feel unprepared and even surprised at the physical and emotional demands of being pregnant. Read more:

SEE ALSO: EARLY, ODD, AND UNUSUAL PREGNANCY SYMPTOMS (getpregnantover40.com)



From the article:

One in five pregnant women say they do not feel "emotionally ready" to have a baby, a survey has revealed.
The poll of 1,100 women for Tommy's baby charity found many women were surprised at the physical and emotional demands of pregnancy.

Half felt under pressure to be "perfect", and 44% said those around them felt the need to pass on "tips".

Experts said more services should be available to support pregnant women and to stop them feeling so isolated.

Pregnant women must be reassured that their emotional feelings and stress are commonplace

Tommy's, which funds research into the causes of, miscarriage, stillbirth and premature birth, found 67% felt more exhausted than expected during pregnancy, and 58% felt more emotional.

Over half said they felt more in need of reassurance than they expected, but 29% felt confused by all the conflicting advice they read.

 From (BBC News)

Wednesday, December 02, 2015

DEPRESSION DURING PREGNANCY

Pregnancy Over 40, Depression Before Birth

We've all heard of post-partum depression, but how about pre-baby blues?
 Apparently this condition can affect women before they have their baby. Read more:


From the article:

But for some women the black cloud descends during pregnancy rather than after it. A surprising number of women feel unable to cope at a time when they are supposed to be feeling euphoric. 

SEE ALSO: HAVING A BABY OVER 40 (Getpregnantover40.com)


Pregnancy manuals make no reference to depression before the birth. It is not mentioned at antenatal classes and is so taboo that sufferers themselves usually stay silent on the subject. Yet if they spoke out, they would realise that they are not alone.

Some research suggests that, far from antenatal depression being unusual, women are more likely to

suffer an attack of the blues before the birth than after it. In a recent study published in the journal Obstetrics and Gynaecology, between 12 and 17 per cent of pregnant women were found to have significant levels of anxiety and depression. This comes as no surprise to Dr Jonathon Evans, a psychiatry lecturer at the University of Bristol, whose study of 9,000 pregnant women in 2001 indicated that 13.5 per cent were depressed during the third trimester of their pregnancy (compared with one new mother in ten who is thought to suffer from postnatal depression). 

from: 
buildingblocksplaygroup.com

Monday, November 30, 2015

FETAL HEARTRATE EXPLAINED

Pregnancy Over 40, Fetal Heart Rate

Just before one of my miscarriages, I had an ultrasound. The first thing the doctor said when he came into the room after the PA had the ultrasound positioned on my baby was "the heartbeat is slow". I started to get this sinking feeling like he was giving my baby a death sentence. Well...I know it wasn't his fault, he was just the messenger--I did lose the pregnancy.

Many women wonder what a normal fetal heart rate should be. Here is a site that explains more:

"What should my baby's fetal heart-rate be?
The normal fetal heart rate is between 110 to 180 beats per minutes (BPM), but can vary. Fluctuations of the fetal heart rate (usually associated with fetal movement) during different periods of the day are common and often rise above 160, going as high as 180 to 190 and are considered normal. If you have questions or concerns about your baby's fetal heart rate always direct them to your healthcare professional.

See Also: Determining A Miscarriage By Body Temperature (www,getpregnantover40.com)

What hearing a healthy heartbeat signifies
Listening to a normally beating heart using a fetal ultrasound doppler as early as 8 weeks can offer reassurance and cut down on a lot of stress and help assure that the developing fetus is healthy. While miscarriage occurs in only about 15 percent of apparently normal pregnancies, it only occurs in about 1 percent of pregnancies where a normal heartbeat has been seen or heard."


from: 

fetaldopplerFACTS.org

Friday, November 20, 2015

VOMITING IN PREGNANCY = LOWER CANCER RISK?

Pregnancy Over 40, Nausea and Vomiting May Be A Good Sign Even Though It Doesn't Feel Like It!

Well...maybe that horrible nausea and vomiting I experience my entire first trimester has a positive side.  I recall thinking..."I don't know if I can do this" because I was basically confined to a recliner for three months - I honestly consider nausea to be a form of pain.

SEE ALSO: FOODS FOR FERTILITY AND PREGNANCY (getpregnantover40.com)

 I found an interesting article that talks about a possible correlation between nausea and vomiting in pregnancy and a reduced risk of cancer. Although more research needs to be done, at least there is a possible upside to this extremely unpleasant symptom of early pregnancy. Read more:

Although the exact mechanism responsible for causing nausea and vomiting during pregnancy has yet to be pinpointed, it likely is a result of changing levels of ovarian and placental hormone production, which may include higher circulating levels of a hormone called human chorionic gonadotropin," said David Jaworowicz, Jr., first author on the study.

"In vitro studies have shown that this hormone possesses several activities that have potential protective effects against cancer cells," said Jaworowicz, a doctoral candidate in the Department of Social Preventive Medicine in UB's School of Public Health and Health Professions

from: 
www.sciencedaily.com

Tuesday, November 17, 2015

GUM DISEASE MAY AFFECT YOUR PREGNANCY

Mums and Gums: Cause of Miscarriage and Premature Births

Guest Post By Judy Ford

After I had my first child, my dentist complained that I hadn't been looking after my teeth and gums. I was sure that I hadn't been doing anything different from usual. He then went on to complain that all pregnant women and new mothers neglected their teeth and gums. I believe that he was wrong when he suggested that pregnant women suddenly change their oral hygiene habits. But he was correct that the dramatic hormonal changes during pregnancy can greatly affect the gums. If the gums aren't healthy to start with then this seemingly irrelevant problem can seriously baby's growth and health in the womb.

SEE ALSO: MISCARRIAGE OVER 40 (getpregnantover40.com) 

It is now shown beyond any doubt that maternal gum disease causes premature labour. One study performed prospectively in North Carolina looked at the effect of dental health in 812 women. Each woman's dental health was assessed at 26 weeks and then within 48 hours after delivery. The researchers examined both the rate of premature births (less than 28 weeks) and low birth weight (less than 1,000 gms). Their data was adjusted for race, parity and gender. 1.1% of the group with healthy gums (201 women) had premature births. This rate greatly increased in the 566 rated as having mild gum disease to 3.5% and was 11.1% in the 45 women with moderate to severe gum disease. The rates were slightly more dramatic for birth weight. No women with healthy gums had a baby that weighed less than 1,000 gm. Six per cent of the women with mild disease had a baby with low birth weight and 11.4% of those with moderate to severe disease had a low birth weight baby. Studies from Poland, France and Brazil showed similar results.
This research applies equally to second trimester and later miscarriages as well as prematurity at term.
Gum disease might cause low birth weight and prematurity in more than one way. Gum disease allows oral bacteria to move from the mouth into the blood stream. These oral bacteria can cause clotting and are known to be a major factor in strokes. They are also cause endocarditis, a potentially lethal infection of heart valves and inner lining of the heart. Periodontitis, serious gum disease in pregnancy might act through clotting or infection itself.
The great news is that early attention to periodontal (gum) health can reduce these risks.
A study from Chile examined the oral health of 400 pregnant women, aged between 18 and 35, before 28 weeks gestation. Dentists immediately treated periodontal disease in 200 of the women. They treated the other 200 (the controls) only after delivery. The rate of pre-term, low birth weight delivery was 1.8% (3/163) in the treated group and 10.1% (19/188) in the untreated group. Low birth weight and prematurity was 5.5 times more likely in the untreated group.
Prematurity and low birth weight together greatly increase the risk of a baby's death. There are also a large number of other important problems that occur as a result of prematurity. It is sad that it has taken so long to recognise this easily preventable cause of problems.
Let us hope that doctors and dentists will soon work together to prevent the problems in the future. In the meantime, inform every pregnant woman that you know.
______________________
Dr Judy Ford is an internationally respected geneticist who has undertaken considerable research into the cause of miscarriage [http://www.itsnatural.com.au/miscarriage.shtml], cause of infertility and cause of birth defects. She believes that most problems are preventable through changes to healthy lifestyles and healthy habits. More information can be found on her website http://www.itsnatural.com.au
You are welcome to reuse this article or post it on your site as long as you include these details and credit Dr Judy Ford with authorship.
Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Judy_Ford
http://EzineArticles.com/?Mums-and-Gums:-Cause-of-Miscarriage-and-Premature-Births&id=64477



Monday, November 09, 2015

FAST SNACKS AND FOOD IN PREGNANCY

 Pregnancy and What To Eat Fast

When you're pregnant, the word "hungry" has new meaning.
 Not only are you hungry, but sometimes you feel like if you don't get something to eat, you're going to faint. I can't recall a time when I was so absolutely famished. For this reason, you need to have many quick, easy, and healthy foods to eat - especially between meals.

SEE ALSO: FERTILITY AND PREGNANCY FOODS (getpregnantover40.com)

Foods to avoid

1. Packaged ramen noodles
Read the label: These quick-cooking noodles are packed with salt, fat, and little else.
2. Soda If you fill up on empty calories and sugar, you won't have any room for more nutritious drinks. Low-fat milk, water, and juice are better choices.
3. Shelf-stable commercial lunches
Sure, they're a quick fix for hunger pangs, but preservatives, salt, and fat make most of them a poor choice. There are some okay packaged lunch options out there, though, so check the labels!
  from: babycenter.com

Thursday, November 05, 2015

HOW NURSING CAN HELP MOM AND BABY

Pregnancy Over 40 and Nursing

I was surprised when I read the following article because it mentions that some women have actually been taught to believe that infant formula is better than breastmilk.
 Also there are many misconceptions about breastfeeding (for instance that smaller breasts can't produce enough milk). Hopefully this article will help to set the record straight - breastfeeding is good for babies and moms. Read more:

Manufacturers of infant formula are spending millions of dollars to promote their products, and this has led most mothers to believe that breast milk substitutes are better than the real thing, he said.

SEE ALSO: EARLY PREGNANCY SYMPTOMS (getpregnantover40.com)

"There"s no truth to this. Breast milk is the best source of nutrition for babies. We will intensify our program and continue to encourage mothers to breast-feed up to two years," the health secretary said.

"Breast-feeding is not only for babies but for mothers as well. They will be at lower risk for illnesses like breast cancer, uterus tumors and lumps," he said.

Excerpted from:
Breast-feeding best for mothers, too, experts say
By Allison Lopez

Monday, November 02, 2015

AUTISM AND GENES

Genetic Cause Of Autism May Have Been Discovered

Here's another discovery in autism research.
 Apparently they've found a gene variant in a high percentage of people with the condition.

From the article:

"We have for the first time identified a common variant, present in over 65 per cent of autism cases."

To identify the gene, Hakonarson and his colleagues screened DNA from more than 2500 people with autism and more than 7000 healthy controls, searching for common gene variants that were associated with the condition.

SEE ALSO: SYMPTOMS OF EARLY PREGNANCY (getpregnantover40.com)

The gene lies between two other genes called CAD 10 and CAD 9, which encode adhesion molecules that enable neurons to connect and communicate with one another – and CAD 10 is already known to be expressed in the very regions of the brain that appear to malfunction in people with autism.

Unknown factors
Because other, rarer genes associated with autism also encode cell adhesion molecules, researchers had previously speculated that a breakdown in neural connections during development might lie at the root of the condition. The current study provides the first genetic evidence that a similar problem could be implicated in a large number of cases, Hakonarson says.

from:  www.newscientist.com

Saturday, October 24, 2015

WEEK OF GESTATION AND PERCENT OF MISCARRIAGE

Miscarriage Statistics By Gestational Age

Miscarriage can be quite common, especially in those very early weeks past fertilization when you probably had no idea you were pregnant.
This site gives some statistics for miscarriage in your first pregnancy and subsequent pregnancies:

For most normal, healthy women in their first pregnancy, the statistics look like this:

Week of Gestation
Percentage Likelihood
of Miscarriage
__________

See Also: HcG Levels and Miscarriage (www.getpregnantover40.com)
__________

1-2 (You do not know you are pregnant)
75% (this includes eggs that never grow past fertilization, and it would have been impossible to know you were pregnant; after implantation, which occurs 

7-10 days after ovulation, the odds go down to 31%)2

3-6
10% (after home urine test is positive at 14 days post ovulation when hCG levels reach 50-80)2

6-12
5% (or less if heartbeat heard)

2nd trimester
3% (considered stillbirth after 20 weeks)

3rd trimester
No longer considered miscarriage once fetus is beyond one pound (500 grams) around 24 weeks gestation. Stillbirth rate is 1%.
 

excerpted from
www.pregnancyloss.info

PREGNANCY DIET, WHAT TO EAT OR AVOID

Pregnancy Over 40, Diet Matters

I was so nauseated my first trimester that I can't say I always ate healthy foods.
 For my series on foods for fertility and pregnancy:  see www.getpregnantover40.com
 I had to eat creamy usually high fat dairy just to soothe my stomach. But I made up for it my second and third trimester when I got back to eating fruits vegetables, fiber and calcium rich foods. Here is an article from WebMD about what to eat when pregnant. I should mention that the only thing I disagree with in this article is the use of artificial sweeteners. I've read from numerous sources that pregnant women should stay away from aspartame and other artificial sweeteners when pregnant. Read more:
  • Choose at least one good source of vitamin C every day, such as oranges, grapefruits, strawberries, honeydew, papaya, broccoli, cauliflower, Brussel sprouts, green peppers, tomatoes, and mustard greens. Pregnant women need 70 mg of vitamin C a day.
  • Choose at least one good source of folic acid every day, like dark green leafy vegetables, veal, and legumes (lima beans, black beans, black-eyed peas and chickpeas). Every pregnant woman needs at least 0.4 mg of folic acid per day to help prevent neural tube defects such as spina bifida.
  • Choose at least one source of vitamin A every other day. Sources of vitamin A include carrots, pumpkins, sweet potatoes, spinach, water squash, turnip greens, beet greens, apricots, and cantaloupe.
  from: www.webmd.com

Wednesday, October 21, 2015

CORTISOL, STRESS AFFECTS BABIES IN PREGNANT WOMEN

 This article has moved

http://getpregnantover40.com/miscarriage-memorial-jewelry.htm
Miscarriage Memorial Necklace, Until I See You Again

See Also: Stress and Fertility, the Most Overlooked Factor In Our Control (www.getpregnantover40.com)

DEALING WITH BACK PAIN IN PREGNANCY

Pregnancy and Back Pain

Oddly enough, one of the few times I didn't have back pain was when I was pregnant.
However, pregnancy can trigger back pain. This article talks about the different types of back pain and what you can do:

SEE ALSO: EARLY STRANGE PREGNANCY SYMPTOMS (getpregnantover40.com)


From the article:

Posterior pelvic pain in pregnancy can extend down into the buttock and upper portion of the posterior (in back of) thighs, and does not usually radiate below the knees. It can be associated with pubic pain. The pain does not quickly resolve with rest, and morning stiffness may also be present.

Posterior pelvic pain during pregnancy can be brought on or exacerbated by the following activities:

* Rolling in bed
* Climbing stairs
* Sitting and rising from a seated position (such as getting in and out of cars, bathtubs, bed)
* Lifting, twisting, bending forward
* Running and walking.

A job that involves prolonged postures at extreme ranges (such as sitting at a computer and leaning forward, standing and leaning over a desk or workstation) increases the risk of developing pregnancy pelvic pain.

Unlike many other forms of lower back pain in pregnancy, a previous high level of fitness does not necessarily prevent posterior pelvic pain while pregnant.
Labor Pain during Pregnancy

It is important to note that labor pain is a different type of pain. It is similar to an intense menstrual cramp and has the following characteristics:

* The pain is persistent
* It increases in intensity and frequency over a short period of time
* It is not affected by your level of activity (while back pain associated with pregnancy is often activity-induced).



from: www.spine-health.com

Monday, October 19, 2015

PEANUTS IN PREGNANCY AND ALLERGIES

Pregnancy, Peanuts and Childhood Allergies

I'll admit, I ate lots of peanut butter when I was pregnant. It was a nice snack when I got hungry between meals.

SEE ALSO: FOODS FOR PREGNANCY AND GETTING PREGNANT (getpregnantover40.com)

  Now that I have my daughter and I have quite a bit of contact with elementary age children, I see how many kids have peanut allergies (some cases can be life threatening).   According to the article below, you may want to avoid peanuts under certain circumstances. Read more:

The UK government recommends that certain women avoid eating peanuts while they are pregnant. You are advised to avoid peanuts if you, your baby's father, or one of your previous children has had an allergic reaction to something. Allergic conditions include:

• eczema

• asthma

• hayfever

• any allergic response (rashes, itches, bumps) if you've eaten food such as strawberries, shellfish, or peanuts.

It is only peanuts that should be avoided by some women - other nuts, such as brazil, hazelnuts, walnuts or cashew nuts are perfectly safe. 


excerpted from:  
  (babycentre.co.uk)

Saturday, October 17, 2015

EATING CHEESE WHEN PREGNANT: SAFE OR NOT?

Pregnancy and Cheese Consumption

Who doesn't like cheese?
 The problem is that there are many kinds of cheeses and some may carry organisms that are not safe in pregnancy. This article explains more:

SEE ALSO: FERTILILITY AND PREGNANCY FOODS (getpregnantover40.com)


These cheeses are not safe for you while you're pregnant:

Soft, mould-ripened cheeses, such as brie, camembert and chevre (a type of goat's cheese).

Blue-veined cheeses, such as danish blue and stilton.

Even if these cheeses are pasteurised, they still aren't safe to eat. That's because they are more moist and less acidic than other cheeses. It's this moistness and acidity which provide the perfect environment for listeria bacteria to grow.



from
www.babycentre.co.uk

Wednesday, October 14, 2015

DEPRESSION MAY BE RELATED TO WOMEN;S CYCLES

Depression may be related to the reproductive cycle so it may be more than PMS. Women who think they're suffering from PMS may actually have a condition called PMDD or premenstrual dysphoric disorder. Read more:

SEE ALSO: EARLY PREGNANCY SYMPTOMS (getpregnantover40.com)


From the article:

The DSM-IV classifies premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) under research diagnostic criteria as depression not otherwise specified (Table below). Mood and anxiety symptoms can occur only during the premenstrual period, or preexisting symptoms can become worse at this time. Identifying and treating symptoms that have a significant effect on patients is important; dismissing them as "simple" premenstrual symptoms deprives women of potentially beneficial treatment.

PMDD is a severely distressing and debilitating condition that requires treatment. Between 3 and 5 percent of women meet the diagnostic criteria for this disorder, which presents with symptoms of depression and anxiety as well as cognitive and physical symptoms. The diagnosis of PMDD requires the presence of five of 11 symptoms, with at least one of the first four symptoms experienced during the last week of the luteal phase; in addition, remission of symptoms must occur within a few days of the onset of menstruation.



from: healthyplace.com

Friday, October 09, 2015

PREVENTING OVERWEIGHT CHILDREN

I think it's heartbreaking how some kids get picked on their entire life. Being an overweight kid has got to be one of the hardest ways to grow up. My husband's cousin has an overweight ten year old who has very few friends and is very self conscious about her size. The problem is, she doesn't know what to do about it and neither do her parents - perhaps they should start with one less trip to the ice cream shop (which they go to regularly). I previously posted another article about how many kids are overweight by the time they enter preshool. These poor kids don't have a chance.

SEE ALSO: PREGNANCY OVER 40 (Getpregnantover40.com)


This is truly one situation where prevention is key. Most adults fail at dieting...how do you expect a child to succeed? Kids tend to model the behaviour set by their parents. If junk food is the norm around the house, that's what kids will want to eat. I'm so happy I trained myself years ago to eat a multitude of fruits and vegetables. I can't say my daughter likes all of them, but slowly but surely she's starting to eat what I eat.

Here is an article about the difficult life overweight kids face:

 (www.usatoday.com)

Wednesday, October 07, 2015

ACUPUNCTURE FOR GESTATIONAL DIABETES

Case Study: Acupuncture for Gestational Diabetes

Guest Post By Richard Lobbenberg

A 34 year-old pregnant woman in her sixth month came to me worried about how her newly diagnosed gestational diabetes might affect her baby's health, and that of her own in the long term. She had not previously suffered from diabetes, although she explained that her father had had type-2 diabetes since his forties. She did not have high blood pressure, was not overweight before becoming pregnant, and neither did she have any of the other risk factors associated with gestational diabetes. This was her third baby and she had not had any issues associated with her previous two pregnancies.
The patient presented with fatigue in the late afternoon/evening as well as occasional back pain and she also complained of feeling a little cold in the evenings. She said that before becoming pregnant, she had always maintained good eating habits but did not exercise very much. Part of her worry with the gestational diabetes was that in this case, exercise did not seem to help regulate her blood sugar levels and she was concerned about taking too much insulin. She also wanted to prevent the possibility of her baby gaining too much weight in utero and possibly having other complications.
As she had been told by her doctor I explained that taking insulin while pregnant cannot harm the baby, but she hoped nonetheless to minimize the amount she had to take. I explained that acupuncture and Traditional Chinese Medicine might help regulate her blood sugar levels but that she should continue to also follow her doctor's advice and monitor her levels and also take insulin as directed by her specialist.

SEE ALSO: STRANGE EARLY PREGNANCY SYMPTOMS (getpregnantover40.com) 

She began to see me once a week for acupuncture and Chinese herbs. My approach was aimed at strengthening her Spleen and Kidney (words capitalized here indicate differentiation from their scientific definitions) energy systems to combat the fatigue and manage her blood sugar levels by essentially helping her digestive system (i.e. her Spleen) function more efficiently.
Her pulse was choppy and slippery, and was also somewhat weak. Since she had occasional back pain recently and tended towards feeling a little cold in the evenings, I attributed these signs to a slight Kidney deficiency, possibly brought on by a third pregnancy. We used point such as DU 20, BL 17, BL 20, BL 23, ST 36, KD 2, KD 6.
The herbal formula used in this case was You Gui Wan, meant to tonify her Kidney deficiency to, in effect, support her Spleen and improve the efficiency of her digestive system. In this case the lower energy and feelings of cold indicated Kidney Yang deficiency.
Over the course of two months, with treatment nearly once per week, the patient was able to manage her gestational diabetes well and needed insulin injections most often only at night. In her last month of pregnancy, her specialist advised her to decrease the amount of insulin she was using, and we were able to reduce our frequency of treatments as well.
She came back to me two months after giving birth, and was happy to claim that her baby was in great health, and that her own blood sugar levels were back to normal and she no longer would need any insulin.
For more info, visit us at: http://yellowgazeboclinic.com/services/acupuncture-and-tcm/
Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Richard_Lobbenberg
http://EzineArticles.com/?Case-Study:-Acupuncture-for-Gestational-Diabetes&id=9032272

Monday, October 05, 2015

RARE MEAT: SAFE IN PREGNANCY?

Pregnancy Over 40, The Safe Way To Eat Meat

Although I spent many years as a vegetarian, I did eat meat when I was pregnant.
I was so very hungry, that it was one of the few foods that would fill me up for hours at a time. This article talks about what to watch out for when eating meat:

SEE ALSO: FOODS FOR FERTILITY AND PREGNANCY (Getpregnantover40.com)
From the article:

To reduce your risks of contracting toxoplasmosis or salmonella from meat, follow these food hygiene guidelines:

• store raw meat carefully so that the juice cannot drip onto other food

• do not put cooked food down on the same chopping board or surface that has been used for raw meat without thoroughly cleaning the surface first

• if you are marinating meat, keep it refrigerated and in a covered dish

• wash your hands and all utensils after handling raw meat

• cook poultry and meat until no pink remains and the juices run clear - test this by sticking a fork or skewer into the thickest part of the meat.

• take special care with grilled or barbecued meat: burgers and sausages may appear black on the outside but remain underdone and pink on the inside 



from:

www.babycentre.co.uk

Friday, September 25, 2015

IS YOUR PLACENTA TOO LOW?

Pregnancy Over 40 and Low Lying Placenta

Having a low lying placenta doesn't necessarily mean you're going to miscarry, but it can lead to some complications.
 This article explains what to expect:

From the article:

The main problem that a low-lying placenta can cause is bright red bleeding from the vagina during the later stages of pregnancy. The bleeding may stop and start at first, and is painless. It happens because the lower part of your womb is starting to change shape and thin out in readiness for your baby to be born, but because the placenta can’t stretch in the same way, it peels away at the edges, which causes bleeding.

SEE ALSO: PREGNANCY OVER 40 (getpregnantover40.com)


At first, the bleeding is usually slight, but there’s a risk that it might become heavy at any time without warning. Heavy bleeding may be accompanied by signs of shock – paleness, sweating and an increased pulse.

If you haven’t had a scan that has shown the position of your placenta and you experience this kind of bleeding, it may be an indication that the placenta is low-lying. Another sign that you might have a low-lying placenta is that your baby is lying in an awkward position in your womb – for example from side to side, or at an angle.

from: 

babyworld.co.uk

Monday, September 21, 2015

CAN YOU BOND WITH BABY BEFORE BIRTH?

Pregnancy Over 40, Bonding Before Birth

If you've just found out you're pregnant, it's not too soon to think about bonding with your baby.
 I recall patting my belly in a series of three pats, then three circles and talking in a very high voice with my baby.

 Here is an article that gives some tips on how to facilitate the bonding process.

From the article:

By providing a peaceful environment in which you and your baby can bond before it's born, Luminare-Rosen says, your baby gets the message that it's wanted and loved. She suggests communicating those feelings of love by taking some time every day and sitting quietly, with your eyes closed, and telling your baby how welcome it is in your life.

"Even if you're only bonding to a concept at that point, and not the baby itself, you're establishing a connection that will continue after the baby is born," says Luminare-Rosen. "You're expressing your love."

SEE ALSO: PREGNANCY OVER 40 (getpregnantover40.com)

When Luminare-Rosen was pregnant with her daughter, she kept a journal that not only documented her pregnancy, but also included letters to her daughter telling her about her hopes and her fears. "I read the journal to her now so that she knows how loved she has been, from the very beginning," says Luminare-Rosen.

In the prenatal bonding classes that Luminare-Rosen holds, she will play relaxing music, then have the parents (mostly moms-to-be) imagine that they are meeting their child for the first time. "Visualize your child," she suggest. "What is the image you have of the child?"

Luminare-Rosen says that you may see a picture of your child in your mind, you may hear a conversation between you and the baby. "Draw a picture of what you have seen, or write it in your journal," she says. "This will make the visualization that much more conscious."

Marilee Hartling has several tips of her own:

Talk to the baby. Say goodnight before you go to bed, good morning when you wake up, and talk to it throughout the day. "Newborns know their mom's voice after birth," she says. "That's the voice they will turn to."

Feel the baby. Place your hands on your abdomen and rest your hands quietly, feeling the baby kick, or gently massaging the baby. You can even play games with the baby, says Hartling. Press lightly on your abdomen and you'll feel the baby kick back, she says.

from: 
 (www.webmd.com)

Saturday, September 12, 2015

DIET POP LINKED TO PREMATURE BIRTH

 When I was pregnant with my daughter, I removed all coffee and soda from my diet (including regular and diet).  I knew there was no nutritional value in drinking these carbonated beverages and I wanted to make everything I put in my body count.  According to this article, diet soda has been linked to premature birth.  Read more:

In the study, which appears in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, the researchers found that 4.6 percent of study participants delivered babies early and one-third of those premature births were medically induced.

 

SEE ALSO: DOES GREEN TEA HELP OR HARM FERTILITY? (getpregnantover40.com) 

Researchers categorized the women in accordance of how much soda they drank, labeling them as those who never drank soda, drank less than one serving per week, one to six per week, one a day, two to three a day, or four or more a day.
Though no link was found between premature birth and the consumption of soda naturally sweetened with sugar, the results did find that compared to those who never drank the beverages, women who guzzled four or more artificially sweetened diets drinks daily were 78 percent more likely to deliver early.
One or more drinks a day was associated with a 38 percent increased risk of premature delivery.
The study was unable to explain why diet drinks specifically were shown to have this effect on premature birth, but previous studies have suggested the link could be involved with high blood pressure and the fact that some diet sodas are high in sodium.
from: parenting.com

Tuesday, September 08, 2015

AUTISM AND FETAL ANTIBODIES

Fetal Antibodies and Autism

It seems like every time I turn around, I'm reading something new about autism and research.
 Here is an article that talks about how the mother's antibodies may lead to brain inflammation in the baby. Read more:

SEE ALSO: BIRTH DEFECTS AND PREGNANCY COMPLICATIONS OVER 40 (getpregnantover40.com)

A report on the research from investigators at the Johns Hopkins Children's Center published online in the Journal of Neuroimmunology expands on a 2008 report from the same team showing that mothers of autistic children tested positive for fetal brain antibodies. Antibodies are proteins the body naturally makes to attack foreign tissues, viruses or bacteria.

Because a growing fetus is not "rejected" by the mother's immune system even though some of its DNA is "foreign" (from the father), scientists have long suspected that some combination of maternal and fetal biological protection is at work. The new research from Hopkins, however, suggests that the protective system is not perfect and that antibodies are not only made but are re-circulated back to the fetus through the placenta, possibly triggering inflammation in the brain and leading to a cascade of neurological changes resulting in neurodevelopmental disorders, such as autism.

www.sciencedaily.com

Thursday, September 03, 2015

THE IMPORTANCE OF WATER IN PREGNANCY

When I was pregnant with my daughter, I drank between 64 and 80oz. of water per day. Here is an article that discusses the importance of water in pregnancy:

From the article:

"Water plays many vital roles in a healthy pregnancy.

SEE ALSO: FOODS FOR FERTILITY AND PREGNANCY (getpregnantover40.com)


Think of water as your body's transportation system — it carries nutrients through your blood to the baby. Water also helps prevent bladder infections, which are common during pregnancy. If you drink enough water, your urine will stay diluted, reducing your risk of infection.

Water can also stop constipation and help prevent hemorrhoids. Although it may seem counterintuitive, the more water you drink during pregnancy, the less water your body will retain. Also, drinking enough water prevents dehydration. This is especially important in the third trimester when dehydration can actually cause contractions that can trigger preterm labor.

 from: (babycenter.com)

Monday, August 31, 2015

HAIR DYE IN PREGNANCY

Color Me Safely: Hair Dyes In Pregnancy

Guest Post By Dr. Michele Brown OBGYN

When it comes to your own personal grooming, is there anything more satisfying than being crowned with a head of thick, shining hair? Do you divide your life into good hair days and bad ones? Does a bad hair day leave you depressed and lethargic while a good one propels you through glass ceilings. Guess what? You are not alone!
According to Hoovers there are about 65,000 hair care salons in the United States with combined annual sales of about $19 billion! A small portion of these sales are for hair cuts, but most of this money is spent on... hair color.
If you are pregnant, planning to get pregnant or if you have a job in one of these salons, please read the following carefully. Over 20 million Americans, mostly women, are exposed to hair dyes each year. It has been estimated that at least 35 to 40% of all women in the United States and Europe use hair dyes. Solutions are applied either by a salon hairdresser or by individuals purchasing over the counter products.
According to the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), concerns exist pertaining to the safety of these products. Why? Because some of the ingredients in hair dye are considered to be carcinogenic and teratogenic (causing malformation in fetuses). Reports of hairdressers having increased risk of spontaneous abortion, congenital malformations, childhood cancer and developmental problems exist. Older literature from the 1980's report that men and women exposed to hair dyes in their occupations may experience increased risk of developing leukemia and cancers of the bladder, ovary, GI tract, and respiratory systems. Nasca, reported in the Journal of the NCI, that there is a higher risk of breast cancer in women that use hair dyes.
picture: fabandfru.com
Pregnant women throughout the world who commonly use beauty products worry about the risk of exposure to themselves, and to their fetus, because of the potentially carcinogenic chemicals contained in these products. Many women are hesitant to use dyes during pregnancy due to fears regarding chemical use and absorption with risks to the fetus.
More concerning is the fact that many women are giving birth at later ages and therefore the use of hair dyes will become increasingly more popular. The combination of hormonal hair growth increase during pregnancy, and the increased need for coloring as a woman ages, obviously predicts an increased use of these products.

SEE ALSO: DETOXIFY YOUR ENVIRONMENT FOR PREGNANCY AND FERTILITY (Getpregnantover40.com) 

With all this in mind, I thought it would be a good idea to write an article that reviews the literature to date regarding the safety concerns of hair dyes so that you can make the right decision, for yourself, about whether or not to use these products. Overall conclusions, however, should be based upon the method of dye application (personal vs hairdresser), the colors used, the frequency of coloring, and the differences between varying product components available on the market.
How are hair dyes classified?
There are three classifications:

  • Permanent,
  • Semi-permanent
  • Temporary

Chemical composition of the hair dye determines in which classification it is placed
Permanent dyes are the most prevalent and comprise about 75% of all hair dyes. They act by oxidation with hydrogen peroxide of dye precursors that permeate the hair fiber producing the color associated with the dye. Permanent hair dyes are commonly applied with a brush and by a hairdresser. Permanent hair dyes allow more dramatic changes in hair color. They do not wash out and they last until the hair grows or is cut.
Semi-permanent dyes comprise approximately 20% of all dyes and directly penetrate the hair cortex without the use of oxidizing agents. Generally the color lasts between 6 and 12 washings. These dyes, often applied by hand, are mostly used to cover gray or highlight the natural color, and are often purchased over the counter.
Temporary dyes, comprising about 5% of all hair dyes and are used for a single wash. This hair coloring is deposited on the cuticle layer of the hair and remains until shampooed out. It generally will not lighten hair but used to intensify natural color, tint hair another color, or add highlights to natural or tinted hair. It is also used to cover a limited amount of gray hair or eliminate yellowish shades from white or gray hair.
Which hair dye chemicals raise concerns in pregnancy?
Several reported studies have shown an increased risk of childhood brain tumors (CBT) associated with exposure to N-nitroso compounds, commonly found in hair dyes.
There are 2 broad classes of the N-nitroso compounds

  1. nitrosamides
  2. nitrosamines

Nitrosamides are unstable and do not require enzymatic activation and are inclined to tumor formation at the exposure site. In rats, they cross the placenta and are neurocarcinogens.
Nitrosamines, commonly found in tobacco smoke and beer, are considered carcinogenic agents.
Chemicals found in hair dyes are aromatic amines which get converted into nitrosamines. Nitrosamines, require this bioactivation and can initiate tumor formation in places at locations other than the initial exposure site. Hair dyes are considered NOC-related aromatic amines and contain ammonia based solutions, hydrogen peroxide, coal-tar dyes, and lead acetate. Many studies classify these agents as carcinogenic in animals when dosed orally because they alter DNA, but there exists "inadequate evidence" to determine carcinogenicity in humans when applied topically.
Other toxic chemicals found in hair dyes include phthalates, cobalt salts, formaldehyde releasing preservatives, lead acetate, nickel salts, 1,4-dioxane, diethanolamine/triethanolamine, and parabens.
How does exposure to the fetus occur when a pregnant woman uses hair dyes?

Exposure to the fetus occurs during routine use since many of the chemicals used are skin permeable. The particular characteristics of the dye products and their ability to penetrate skin influence their toxicity. Exposure can also occur via ocular, oral, or inhalation routes which can then cross the placenta and affect the fetus. Many of these chemicals can also be stored in body fat and also enter the mothers milk.
What type of toxicities have been described in pregnancy?

There have been many inconsistent results between use of hair dyes and various childhood cancers.
Some studies have shown an association between maternal hair dye and elevated risk of childhood cancer. The immature nervous system of the fetus has been found to be especially vulnerable to carcinogens and mutagens. If exposure occurs during the development of the nervous system during the first trimester, this may make the nervous system more susceptible to cancer and brain tumors.
Neuroblastoma, comprising about 6 to 10% of all childhood tumors in the developed world, is one of the most common cancers in children during the first year of life. A 3 fold increased risk was found in children of women exposed to hair dyes during pregnancy according to an article written by Kramer in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute in 1987. This increased risk is also confirmed by McCalls article in 2005 in Cancer Causes and Control. Wilms tumor, a cancer of the kidneys in children, had a 4 fold increased risk according to a study by Bunin in Cancer Research in 1987. Many of the chemicals used in 1987 in hair dyes have since been discontinued (2-4-diaminoanisole, 4-amino-2 nitrophenol, and HC Blue No.1) but other chemicals in the N-nitroso aromatic amines commonly used in hair dyes are still present which are carcinogenic in animals.
Other studies from the West Coast have found no association with hair dye use before or during pregnancy. (Holly in Pediatric Perinatal Epidemiology, 2002) One large study by Effird in Journal of Neuro-Oncology in 2005 also confirmed no statistically significant association between temporary, semi-permanent, or permanent hair dyes during pregnancy and childhood brain tumors, except for a 3 fold higher incidence of for brain tumor among Israeli children using semi-permanent hair color.
Do different types of hair dyes present different levels of risk?
Temporary dyes (includes semi-permanent) appear to have more toxicity than permanent dyes in pregnancy. Studies of scalp penetration of semi-permanent dyes compared to permanent dyes in both humans and monkeys found that semi-permanent dyes penetrated the scalp more than permanent dyes in both species. Unlike permanent dyes that contain oxidizing agents that allow the dye to irreversible bind to the hair shaft and therefore has lower skin absorption, semi permanent dyes achieve their coloring action via the use of various solvents (alcohols and ethylene glycol ethers) which penetrate the scalp more efficiently compared to permanent dyes. Also, greater skin contact occurs with semi-permanent dyes since they are applied as foam, rinse or surfactant solutions which tend to facilitate uptake by the skin. Semi-permanent hair coloring products also contain nitro derivatives of phenylenediamines or aminophenols, azo dyes and aminoanthraquinone dyes and N-nitroso compounds that have been shown to be transplacental neurocarcinogens in rodents.
Also, semi-permanent dyes are more likely applied by the person herself whereas permanent dyes were more likely applied by a hairdresser. With self-application there is more exposure to skin surface, such as hands, than if an outside person did the applications.
Smokers were also found to have greater toxicity than nonsmokers with dye use. Added exposure to nitrosamines and other carcinogens in cigarette smoke added to those carcinogens present in the hair dyes.
Do hairdressers have added risk?
The occupation of being a hairdresser may entail some risks that are possibly carcinogenic.(International Agency of for Research on cancer-IARC-1993) Certainly skin disorders like contact dermatitis and occupational asthma are major health problems for hair dressers. Other studies have not supported increased risk of reproductive disorders among hairdressers, such as infertility, reproductive loss, congenital malformations, childhood cancers, and developmental disorders in offspring. (Kersemaekers, 1995)
Summary:
Limited human data, inconsistent results, and differences among products with varying chemical formulations used make it impossible to draw conclusions on safety. Differences in duration of exposure and amount of exposure can also determine differences in toxicity. Overall, many studies support no consistent association of congenital anomalies with hair dyes after many of the regulated carcinogens were removed. However, risk cannot be completely excluded so precautions should be taken.
There does appear to be some difference between the use of permanent and temporary hair dyes in pregnancy. Risk seems to be higher for mothers using semi-permanent dyes at any time during pregnancy, or the months prior to pregnancy, compared to the other types of hair dyes used.
Hair dye formulations have changed over time with removal of some substances and inclusion of new and better ones for color range. There has been a reduction in certain nitrophenols. The FDA has discontinued use of 2,4-diaminotoluene, and 2,4-diaminoanisole in permanent dyes and HC Blue No 1 and 4-amino-2-nitrophenol used in semi-permanent dyes because of possible carcinogenic effects.
It is imperative that pregnant women reduce their level of exposure, especially during first trimester. If dyes are going to be used, using protective gloves and facial mask, using a well-ventilated room, avoiding eating or drinking during exposure, and avoiding frequent exposure are essential. Avoid chemicals that may enhance absorption into the scalp or the hair shaft.
If one chooses to use hair dyes, it is generally recommended to wait until after first trimester when most of the baby's organ systems have been formed. If you must dye your hair during pregnancy, ask your stylist to use the old fashioned method - a plastic cap with tiny holes to pull the hair through. Dying the strands in this manner will prevent the chemicals from contacting your scalp, reducing the absorption risks.
Once again, this information is provided so that you can make the best decision for yourself and your baby. Consult your obstetrician for further information.
Dr. Michele Brown, is a practicing OBGYN who has delivered over 3,000 babies. She is also founder of Beaute de Maman Natural and Herbal Products for Pregnant Women. Dr. Brown is a graduate of Tufts Medical School and did her residency at Yale University. She has privileges at Stamford Hospital in Stamford, CT.
Beaute de Maman recognizes the importance of safe products for pregnancy. Beaute de Maman products contain natural and herbal ingredients that are safe for pregnancy as per the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology guidelines.
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