Fertility Jewelry With Healing Stones

Fertility Jewelry With Healing Stones
Fertility Jewelry With Healing Stones

Monday, September 30, 2013

Drinking In Pregnancy Still Fairly Common

Drinking Alcohol In Pregnancy

I was actually surprised to read this article about how 1 in 13 pregnant women drink and even binge drink at some point in their pregnancy.

For More Articles On Pregnancy Over 40 see www.getpregnantover40.com 

 Of course alcohol in pregnancy is discouraged since it's known affect the fetus, but it appears some women continue to drink:

From the article:

About one in 13 women drink while pregnant, according to the study, and out of those women, one in four reportedly binge drink.
The researchers examined more than 340,000 self-reported surveys that were a part of the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System of data from women between the ages of 18 and 44.
More than 7 percent of pregnant women in the study reported drinking alcohol in the past 30 days, compared with 51 percent of women who were not pregnant.
Women in the study between the ages of 35 and 44  reported the highest amount of drinking while pregnant, at 14 percent.
U.S. public health officials and the American Academy of Pediatrics strongly discourage women from consuming alcohol while pregnant because of its potential to harm the baby’s physical, emotional and cognitive development.
“Pregnant and nonpregnant women of childbearing age who misuse alcohol might benefit from public health interventions … such as increased alcohol excise taxes and limiting alcohol outlet density,”   the authors wrote.

Sunday, September 29, 2013

Round Ligament Pain In Pregnancy

Pregnancy Over 40 and Round Ligament Pain

If you've never been pregnant before, all those aches and pains can be quite worrisome - especially if you're worried about miscarriage.

See www.getpregnantover40.com for more pregnancy and fertility over 40 articles 

Round ligament pain is quite common and this article explains why it happens in pregnancy.  I recall when finally got pregnant with my daughter, I don't know if my muscles and ligaments were tighter than younger women, but I did have some discomfort.  I'm sure some of it was round ligament pain. Read more:

Your uterus is normally the size of a pear. Thick ligaments, one of which is called the round ligament, hold your uterus in suspension within your abdomen. As the uterus grows in size and weight, these ligaments become very long and thin, stressing and tensing like rubber bands.

The ligaments pull and tug on nearby nerve fibers and sensitive structures, causing pain. The severity of pain can worry you. Although round ligament pain is uncomfortable, it is also very normal.



Friday, September 27, 2013

Smoke Exposure Damages Prenatal DNA

Smoke Exposure When Pregnant, How It Hurts Your Baby

We all know you shouldn't smoke when pregnant. However, this article talks about more than just the usual complications of smoking.

See www.getpregnantover40.com for more articles on environmental toxins and fertility and pregnancy 

 It can actually change your unborn baby's DNA.  I recall back when I was younger, pregnant women would be seen smoking all the time.  It's almost unthinkable now, but there are still women who smoke while they're pregnant. Read more:

The new study found that fetal exposure to maternal smoking was linked to differences in DNA methylation, an epigenetic mechanism.

Epigenetics is the study of how chemicals that attach to DNA can switch genes on and off, which leads to differences in gene expression without changing basic genetic information, according to background information in a USC news release about the study.

While epigenetics plays a role in cancer research, little is known about how epigenetic changes may be caused by environmental exposures.

In the new study, the researchers used data from the USC Children's Health Study, which examined respiratory health among children in 13 Southern California communities, as well as information from a questionnaire on maternal smoking exposure. The findings are reported in the September issue of the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

"This study provides some of the first evidence that in-utero environmental exposures such as tobacco smoke may be associated with epigenetic changes," said one of the lead authors, Carrie Breton, assistant professor in the Department of Occupational and Environmental Health at the Keck School of Medicine of USC. "This could open up a new way for researchers to investigate biological mechanisms that might explain known health effects associated with maternal smoking," she stated in the news release.
from:  healthscout.com

Tuesday, September 24, 2013

Infertility Adds To Mental Health Problems

Pregnancy Over 40, Infertility And Mental Health

Wow, I've often read articles and written blog posts about how infertility can really add a lot of stress to your life.

My site: www.getpregnantover40.com has more articles on fertility and pregnancy over 40 

 This article talks aobut how many women who are experiencing infertility are actually hospitalized for a number of mental health issues.    It's no wonder, the stress of trying to conceive may be a factor in not being able to conceive! Read more:

So says Brigitte Baldur-Feskov of the Danish Cancer Society Research Center in Copenhagen, and colleagues, who analysed data from 98,737 Danish women who had seen a doctor about infertility between 1973 and 2003. Her team determined hospital admissions for mental health disorders among these women over an average of 12.6 years, and discovered some concerning trends.
Of all the women analysed, 4677 were hospitalised with mental health problems. Of these, 2507 had not been successful in producing a child, compared with 2107 women who had successful fertility treatment that resulted in at least one child.
Baldur-Feskov's analysis, which excluded any women with previous diagnoses for mental health problems, also found a significantly higher risk for subsequent drug and alcohol abuse among women who did not go on to have children after an initial fertility consultation. Of 571 women who were treated for drug and alcohol abuse, 195 had eventually had successful fertility treatment compared with 376 who were unsuccessful.

from:  newscientist.com

Monday, September 23, 2013

Down Syndrome - Age Not The Only Factor

Pregnancy Over 40 and Younger, Down Syndrome

We all know that Down Syndrome is more common in older mothers (but the overall incidence is still rather low). 

See www.getpregnantover40.com for more on pregnancy over 40 

I've done quite a few blog postings on this subject because most doctors are quick to tell women over 40 about the statistical risk of this condition at their age.   This article discusses how it's actually more common in first pregnancies. Read more

Neuhäuser and Krackow reviewed and analysed data from 1953 and 1972 (before abortion was widespread). They found that other factors, besides the mother’s increasing age, were linked to the number of Down Syndrome cases. Down Syndrome rates were significantly higher in older mothers in their first pregnancy than in older mothers who had already had children. Only late first pregnancies were more likely to produce a Down Syndrome baby, not late second or third pregnancies. In addition, the larger the gap between pregnancies, the higher the rates of Down Syndrome.


science daily

lings Are Also Influential

25 Signs Of Pregnancy, Early Pregnancy Symptoms - Strange Pregnancy Signs

Early Pregnancy Symptoms

It seems like I never cease to find more possible signs of being pregnant. Even if you take an early pregnancy test, it can be incorrect if you take it too early. Some of these signs might actually be a better predictor of pregnancy.  When I was pregnant with my daughter I had symptoms withing a week of conception.  Some people are just more sensitive to the hormonal and physical changes in their body.  Read more:
See Also: Early Strange Pregnancy Symptoms (www.getpregnantover40.com)

Pregnancy Sign Category
Missed period Possible
Unusual or abnormal period Possible
Just "feeling" pregnant Possible
Nausea and Vomiting Possible
Changes in libido Possible
Soreness of the Breasts Possible
Enlargement of the Breasts Possible
Frequent Urination Possible
Strange Cravings Possible
Fatigue Possible
Montgomery's Tubercules Possible
Skin Changes Possible
Stretch Marks Possible
Enlarging Uterus Possible
Movement Possible
Colostrum from Breasts Possible
Enlarged Abdomen Probable
Change in uterine shape Probable
Braxton Hicks Contractions Probable
Palpation of the Baby Probable
Positive Pregnancy Test Positive
Fetal Heart Tones Positive
Ultrasound Detection Positive
X-ray Detection 


Sunday, September 22, 2013

First Trimester Blood Test Predicts Gender

Pregnancy Over 40, Gender Prediction

A lot of people need to wait for an ultrasound or other invasive procedures to find out the gender of their baby.

For more pregnancy articles visit: www.getpregnantover40.com 

 According to some recent research, gender prediction may be done early in the pregnancy with a blood test.  Although it is not widely available, this could be on the horizon.  Read more:

To make this discovery, Ryu and colleagues collected maternal plasma from 203 women during their first trimester of pregnancy. The presence of circulating fetal DNA was confirmed by a quantitative methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction of U-PDE9A. Multiplex real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to simultaneously quantify the amount of DYS14 and GAPDH in maternal plasma. The results were confirmed by phenotype at birth.
"Although more work must be done before such a test is widely available, this paper does show it is possible to predict the sex of a child as early as the first few weeks after conception," said Gerald Weissmann, M.D., Editor-in-Chief of The FASEB Journal. "At present, parents are sometimes given the wrong information about the sex of their unborn child; this test should prove helpful in resolving any uncertainties of today's ultrasound observations."


Science daily

Friday, September 20, 2013

Caffeine in Pregnancy Doesn't Contribute To Hyperactive Child

Does Caffeine Hurt Pregnancy?

Some studies have associated caffeine with miscarriage, so it's probably a good idea to cut way back or cut it out in pregnancy.   When I was trying to conceive and when I was pregnant, I totally cut caffeine out of my diet.   However, the following study found that caffeine is not associated with  hyperactivity or other behavioral issues.  Read more:

While the research shows that caffeine intake doesn't cause behavior issues in children, it didn't examine any other developmental problems. In April, when researches found that coffee consumption during pregnancy doesn't affect a baby's sleep patterns, experts still maintained that it isn’t wholly safe -– large amounts of caffeine have been linked to miscarriages and lower birth weights. Currently, the ACOG upholds that up to 200 milligrams (an 8-ounce cup of coffee) a day is okay to drink during pregnancy. Anything greater increases likelihood of complications during your pregnancy. 
huffington post

High Blood Pressure In Pregnancy May Cause Birth Defects

 This article has moved

Visit my site: www.getpregnantover40.com for more pregnancy over 40 articles 


Wednesday, September 18, 2013

Older Mothers Don't Have Higher Risk Of Post Partum Depression

 This article has moved



Mothers of Twins May Live Longer

Pregnancy Over 40 and Twins

I can't tell you how many sets of twins we know.  Some of it is probably due to the use of fertility treatments and some of it may just be that older women tend to have multiple births even without intervention. 

Visit www.getpregnantover40.com for more articles on pregnancy and fertility over 40 

There are those that think the more kids you have, the more stress you encounter in life which may shorten your life span. This isn't necessarily true. Mothers of twins certainly deal with their share of stress, but they may actually live longer. Read more:

Study co-author Ken Smith said: "The prevailing view is that the burden of childbearing on women is heavier with twins. But we found the opposite." The findings, published in the journal "Proceedings of the Royal Society B", were based on a population of "naturally healthy" women in Utah during the 1800s, before reliable birth control and infertility treatments were available.

Researchers used family records of 58,786 women, 4,603 of whom had at least one set of twins. All the women, who were born between 1807 and 1899, were at least 50 years old so their full reproductive years were covered.

It is not known if the research applies to women who have twins through IVF. The findings do not come as a surprise to Katherine Wilding from Hertford, who has three-year-old twins Beatrice and Oliver.

She said: "Meeting other twin mums and seeing how hard they work has made me think how we have to be almost superwomen with all we have to do. Now research shows that in some ways it's true."


Tuesday, September 17, 2013

Hypnosis and Acupuncture For Labor Pains?

Pregnancy Over 40, Labor Alternatives

Even though I took prenatal classes which included some pain management techniques, when those labor pains started, I basically panicked.

My site: www.getpregnantover40.com has much more on pregnancy and fertility over 40 (www.getpregnantover40.com) 

The only thing I wanted at that point was an epidural. But if you can prepare, there are other ways to manage the pain of labor. Read more:

Fron the article:

" Women looking to alleviate their labor pains may one day be able to request non-drug therapies like hypnosis or acupuncture in place of drugs. A review appearing in the current issue of The Cochrane Library says that results from alternative pain relieving therapies - long used by midwives in home births - have been very positive.

A large number of alternative pain relieving therapies were studied during the trial, but only hypnosis and acupuncture had a noticeable effect. The researchers found that hypnosis reduced the need for both pain relief and labor augmentation drugs, and also increased the number of natural vaginal births. Women treated with acupuncture also found that they could deal with their labor pains far better than women who did not receive treatment."


Standing Too Long In Pregnancy May Affect Fetal Growth

This article has moved
See More On How To Avoid Pregnancy Complications at www.getpregnantover40.com

Monday, September 16, 2013

Eating Eggs In Pregnancy May Prevent Breast Cancer In Offspring

 This article has moved

See www.getpregnantover40.com for more articles on pregnancy, diet, and fertility 

Over 40 Mom Nurses Well Into "Toddlerhood"

Pregnancy Over 40, Breastfeeding Toddlers

I wish I was able to nurse longer than I did. My milk dried up at 3 months and prior to that, nursing was a bit painful and difficult for me.
My site: www.getpregnantover40.com for more pregnancy over 40 articles
 However, some women experience the opposite problem...their kids want to nurse well into toddlerhood. The following article talks about the social stigma against this and how one mother dealt with it:

From the article:

I was 23 when I had my first child, and 41 when I gave birth to my last. Fifteen years separate my second and third. While much had changed during the intervening 15 years, one thing most certainly has not—the stigma attached to breastfeeding. More specifically, breastfeeding a child over the age of one...

...For the record, I did make some effort to wean my older daughter close to her third birthday. I made no such attempt, however, with my youngest. She weaned herself of all but bedtime nursing shortly after she turned three, and continued at bedtime for about six months more.

About the time each of my children turned a year old, I began to feel pressure from well-meaning family members to stop nursing. I also learned to brace myself for a debate if the subject of breastfeeding came up in conversation with other mothers. Aside from healthcare providers and a few very close friends, I think just about everyone thought I was crazy to continue breastfeeding a toddler. The bottom line is that it was the right for me, and for my children. Going against the grain isn’t always the easiest thing to do, but when it is something you truly believe in, it suddenly becomes much easier.


Friday, September 13, 2013

A New Mother At 50!

You Don't Have To Have A Baby To Be A New Mother at 50

I frequently write about women who have a baby over 40 and even 50. 
More Pregnancy Articles at www.getpregnantover40.com
But many "older" women become parents through adoption as well.  They really are no different than younger moms.  Being a good parent involves a lot of patience and nuturing which older parents do very well.
People seem to make a big deal about being a new mother over 40...well what about being a new mother at 50?   I've known a number of grandparents who have raised their grandchildren, so this is nothing new.  Here is a good article about a woman who, through adoption has young children in her 50's:

Here is an excerpt from the article:

"Part of it has to do with how you see yourself," she muses. "I don't think of myself as 50. I see myself as 36. I can't crawl on my knees with her as much, but I have a good chiropractor!"

"Why should age be a factor?" Karen asks. "Stamina is a question of age, but raising a child is more based on love, nurturing, and discipline." 


Full-Time Mom at 50

Folic Acid Before and During Pregnancy Reduces Chance of Autism

 This article has moved

See www.getpregnantover40.com for more about fertility foods 

Monday, September 09, 2013

How Fast Should You Try To Lose Your Pregnancy Weight - Especially While Breastfeeding?

After Pregnancy, Weight Loss Should Be Gradual

After I delivered my daughter, and after gaining 37 pounds with my pregnancy, I was really anxious to get back to my normal weight.

 Pregnancy Over 40 Articles at: www.getpregnantover40.com

 However, I had read that you shouldn't lose your pregnancy weight too quickly because it could affect breastfeeding. According to the La Leche League, losing weight too fast could release toxins stored in your body fat into your breastmilk.  It's kind of scary to learn about all the bad things that are stored in body fat!   Read more:

Though you may be eager to jump into a workout program or diet, easing into light exercise is crucial for keeping your body safe and injury-free. Even the fittest moms may have trouble getting back to exercise. After all, having a baby is a major ordeal and something you'll need time to recover from. You'll need clearance from your doctor and, depending on what kind of birth you had, it may be 4 to 8 weeks before you can engage in serious exercise.

Breastfeeding can help you lose weight, requiring an extra 500 calories from you a day and helping reduce some of the fat you gained during pregnancy. If you do breastfeed, make sure you're giving your body the fuel it needs for that extra energy demand. Now isn't the time to go on a diet; restricting your calories too much can reduce your milk supply, and losing too much weight (more than two pounds a week) can actually release toxins that wind up in your milk.

The good news is, you can still exercise if you're breastfeeding. Studies show that moderate exercise won't affect milk production as long as you're giving your body enough calories. 

from  exercise.about.com

Saturday, September 07, 2013

Bonding With Your Baby Before Birth

Pregnancy Over 40, Bond With Your Baby

When I was pregnant with my daughter, I would frequently pat my belly and talk to her out loud. This can be a real bonding experience according to this article. Babies in the womb have emotions memories. See Also:  Vision Boards (www.getpregnantover40.com)

From the article:

Jeanne might be interested to know that there is indeed science to back up her intuitive feelings. According to Carista Luminare-Rosen, PhD, author of Parenting Begins Before Conception: A Guide to Preparing Body, Mind, and Spirit for You and Your Future Child, research shows that babies in the womb have the emotional and intuitive capabilities to sense their parents' love. "Prenates can see, hear, feel, remember, taste, and think before birth," says Luminare-Rosen, founder and co-director of The Center for Creative Parenting in Marin and Sonoma counties, Calif.

Bonding (also known as attachment), says Marilee Hartling, RN, prenatal program manager at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles, is how babies -- before and after birth -- learn what the world is all about. "It's also part of their personality development.

"When there's a healthy attachment between baby and parent," Hartling says, "the baby comes to believe that the world is a safe place. This is the beginning of the establishment of trust." 



Friday, September 06, 2013

Pregnancy, Allergies and Children

Pregnancy Over 40, Allergies and How It May Affect Your Children

I've always been worried that my daughter would inherit my husband's allergies. One weekend, we went to my sister's house and my daughter broke out in a major case of hives when she came in contact with her cat.
See My Site For Foods For Fertility and Pregnancy (www,getpregnantover40.com)
She's been around the cat before, but I've heard that some allergies don't manifest themselves until 2-3 exposures. Anyway, now I'm also wondering if her excema (which she's had for a couple of years now) is somehow related to a food allergy (like dairy).

It's so hard to prevent allergies because you don't know what they're going to be allergic to. Here is an article about childhood allergies and some things you could try even while pregnant or breastfeeding:

Prevention of Allergies and Asthma in Children
From Daniel More, MD (allergies.about.com)

Stress In Mother May Pass Cortisol to Baby

Pregnancy Over 40 and Stress

Stress can cause infertility, but if you're already pregnant it can affect your unborn baby. This interview explains some of the mechanisms involved with how stress hormones may be passed on to the fetus.

See Also: Stress, Infertility and Miscarriage (www.getpregnantover40.com) 

 Being pregnant over the age of 40 doesn't have to be stressful, but I found the the healthcare professionals, although well-meaning added to my stress when they kept telling me about all the complications that can occur when you're older and pregnant.

Read more about the affects of stress:

Vivette -  ...we have some evidence that if the mother is stressed, this affects the function of her placenta which usually filters what passes from the mother to child, it is usually a very effective barrier to cortisol, but if she’s anxious more cortisol passes to the child. So, we think that’s part of the mechanism. The placenta’s function is affected and the foetus is exposed to more cortisol and that changes the development of the foetal brain.

Meera - It’s thought that the increase in the amount of cortisol reaching the baby could be perhaps be to do with an enzyme that isn’t functioning quite correctly, is that right?

Vivette - That’s right what we think is happening is that the placenta usually has a very high level of the enzyme that breaks down cortisol and it has been shown in animals, and we are just studying now because we think it’s probably happening in humans, that the enzyme gets what’s called down regulated, it becomes less effective, so the barrier to cortisol becomes weaker, more cortisol goes through the placenta, but we’re studying on that right now. 



Thursday, September 05, 2013

Newborn Babies and Vitamin D

Pregnancy Over 40, Vitamin D For Babies

I recall when my daughter was receiving mostly breastmilk, my pediatrician recommended giving her a vitamin D supplement (formula is already fortified with vitamin D). It seems with all of the talk about skin cancer, people are afraid to get a little sun every now and then which could help our bodies get the Vitamin D we need.

Visit getpregnantover40.com for more on pregnancy over 40 and fertility over 40 

I actually had a hard time finding vitamin D drops for babies so there must not be too many people looking for them!
Here is an article about how newborns may be deficient in vitamin D.

From the article:

Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh say that even regular use of prenatal multivitamin supplements is not adequate to prevent vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy. Writing in the Journal of Nutrition, they warn that vitamin D deficiency in newborns is associated with rickets as well as increased risk for diabetes, asthma and schizophrenia.

Worryingly, the researchers found that vitamin D insufficiency was widespread among women during pregnancy, particularly in the northern latitudes. "More than 80 percent of African-American women and nearly half of white women tested at delivery had levels of vitamin D that were too low, even though more than 90 percent of them used prenatal vitamins during pregnancy," said Lisa Bodnar, lead author of the study. "The numbers also were striking for their newborns - 92 percent of African-American babies and 66 percent of white infants were found to have insufficient vitamin D at birth."

Bodnar explained that a newborn's vitamin D levels were completely reliant on vitamin D from the mother. "Not surprisingly, poor maternal vitamin D status during pregnancy is a major risk factor for infant rickets, which again is becoming a major health problem," she noted. 

from: (aphroditewomenshealth.com)

Wednesday, September 04, 2013

More Twin Pregnancies? It's Not Just IVF

Twin Pregnancies Over 40, Not Just Age or Fertility Treatments

Most people automatically assume that the rise in twin pregnancies is due to the rise in the number of couples using assisted reproduction to conceive.
 However, according to the article below, the increase in twin pregnancies may also be because women in general are producing healthier embryos due to better nutrition. Read more:

The belief that IVF is behind the steady increase in the numbers of twins born over the past thirty years was challenged yesterday by a scientist speaking at the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology conference. Professor Robert Jansen, Medical Director of Sydney IVF in Australia, said that his research had shown that improved nutrition, both maternal and in the lab (in the case of IVF), was producing better and stronger embryos.

See My Series On Foods For Fertility (www.getpregnantover40.com)

"Over the last 100 years there has been an increase in identical twinning through the division of the embryo into two, even without IVF", said Jansen, "and with the move to single embryo transfer with IVF this trend is obviously set to continue." He added that the present rate of identical twinning with IVF is between one-in-a-hundred and one-in-fifty, a little over twice the rate involved when getting pregnant naturally. 

Itchy Skin In Pregnancy

 This article has moved
See Also: Pregnancy Over 40, Ringing In Ears (www.getpregnantover40.com) 


Monday, September 02, 2013

Pregnancy Over 40 and Morning Sickness

I've often heard of ginger as a home remedy for a number of conditions, including nausea and vomiting.

See Also My site for more articles on foods for fertility and pregnancy over 40 (www.getpregnantover40.com) 

It seems like most women have their own cure for morning sickness.  For me, the only thing that seemed to help was continually sucking on starlight mints (the little red and white peppermints).  However, this didn't take the nausea away, it just smoothed over my gag reflex.  I had heard about ginger for morning sickness, but I never gave it a try.

This article actually sites a study done which proves that it is helpful in pregnancy. Read more:

Pregnant women may safely take ginger root for morning sickness
The venerable medical journal Obstetrics and Gynecology published a 2001 study on the effectiveness of ginger for pregnancy-related nausea and vomiting. Seventy pregnant of women who were less than 17 weeks pregnant were studied for five months to determine if ginger had any effect on morning sickness. They were given either 1 gram of ginger daily or a placebo. Both nausea and vomiting decreased significantly in the ginger group, while barely at all in the control group. No adverse outcomes were reported. The researchers concluded that ginger is safe and effective for nausea and vomiting during pregnancy.

Complementary Therapies in Nursing and Midwifery reviewed safe alternatives for nausea and vomiting during morning sickness in pregnancy in 2002. The author noted that most pregnant women were reluctant to take any prescription drugs during pregnancy, but that these women did want to find relief from morning sickness. Ginger root was one of the alternatives noted as safe and effective.

from: www.naturalnews.com

Sunday, September 01, 2013

Pregnancy and Group B Strep

Pregnancy Over 40 and Infection

Although Group B strep sounds scary, it is a common bacteria. However, if this bacteria is passed on to a pregnant woman's baby, it could lead to potentially severe complications. Read more:

Group B strep, is a bacterium that normally lives in the genitourinary or gastrointestinal tracts, areas like the vagina and rectum. In adults, GBS infection is relatively easy to treat. Unfortunately, in babies, it can be potentially deadly and could cause conditions such as meningitis (inflammation of membranes of the brain/spinal cord), sepsis (infection of blood), etc. These conditions could lead to serious disabilities or even death of the newborn.

See Also: Having A Baby Over 40 (www.getpregnantover40.com)

About a third of healthy adult women have GBS present, although not all of them would pass the bacteria along to their babies. However, some instances can make the passage of the bacterium to the baby more likely. These include:

•If you've had a fever during labor.
•If your water broke prior to 37 weeks.
•If you've had a urinary tract infection caused by GBS.
•Have had a prior baby with GBS.

originally published in 

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